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Osteolysis and Aseptic Loosening: Cellular Events Near the Implant

  • Gema Vallés
  • Eduardo García-Cimbrelo
  • Nuria VilaboaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The unavoidable degradation of prosthetic materials results in a continuous release and accumulation of wear debris particles that cause a cellular-mediated inflammatory response. The end point of this process is a localized, peri-implant bone loss, which often culminates in aseptic loosening, failure of the implant and the need for revision surgery. Further efforts are needed to develop materials with improved tribological properties and to elucidate the biological mechanisms involved in wear particle-induced osteolysis. Understanding of this pathology at the cellular level could lead to the development of effective strategies and therapeutic targets for the prevention and treatment of this disease. This chapter summarizes current advances in our understanding of the etiology of periprosthetic osteolysis, focusing on basic biological research concerning those cellular effects of wear debris that govern the progression of osteoarticular prosthesis failure.

Keywords

Aseptic Loosening Wear Particle UHMWPE Particle Induce Bone Resorption Periprosthetic Bone Loss 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gema Vallés
    • 1
    • 2
  • Eduardo García-Cimbrelo
    • 2
    • 3
  • Nuria Vilaboa
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Hospital Universitario La Paz-IdiPAZMadridSpain
  2. 2.Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de. Bioingeniería Biomateriales y Nanomedicina, CIBER-BBNMadridSpain
  3. 3.Departamento de Cirugía Ortopédica y TraumatologíaHospital Universitario La PazMadridSpain

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