A Method for the Visual Representation of Historic Multivariate Point Data

  • Alwyn DavidsonEmail author
  • Colin Arrowsmith
  • Deb Verhoeven
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC, volume 6)


The visual representation of multivariate spatial and temporal data is important for interpreting and analysing historical geographic patterns that change over time. The introduction of geospatial technologies in historical scholarship has challenged the suitability of current visual representations due to the need for greater temporal emphasis and the tracking of historical events over time. This research presents a holistic multivariate approach to historical visual representation for point based historical data. The method has been developed through extending the spatial presence in information graphics and through meaningful spatial classification. This paper demonstrates the benefits gained from integrating historical, geographic, temporal, and attribute data through the development of a case study on the history of Melbourne’s cinema venues between 1946 and 1986.


Visual Representation Visual Variable Historical Scholarship Dust Bowl Line Style 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Allen RC (2008) Going to the Show, The University of North Carolina. Accessed: 21 July 2010
  2. Caquard S (2009a) Foreshadowing Contemporary Digital Cartography: A Historical Reivew of Cinematic Maps in Films. The Cartographic Journal - Cinematic Cartography Special Issue, February 2009 46:46-55Google Scholar
  3. Caquard S (2009b) Reframing the Digital Cartographic Frame: Examples from the Cybercartographic Atlas of Canadian Cinema. Paper presented to: International Cartographic Conference, Santiago, ChileGoogle Scholar
  4. Caquard S, Fraser Taylor DR (2009) Editorial - What is Cinematic Cartography? The Cartographic Journal - Cinematic Cartography Special Issue, February 2009 46:5-8Google Scholar
  5. Cunfer G (2008) Scaling the Dust Bowl. In: Knowles AK (ed) Placing History: How Maps, Spatial Data, and GIS Are Changing Historical Scholarship, ESRI Press, Redlands, CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
  6. DeBats DA, Lethbridge M (2005) GIS and the City: Nineteenth-Century Residential Patterns. Historical Geography 33:78-98Google Scholar
  7. Donahue B (2008) Mapping Husbandry in Concord: GIS as a Tool for Environmental History. In: Knowles AK (ed) Placing History: How Maps, Spatial Data, and GIS Are Changing Historical Scholarship, ESRI Press, Redlands, CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
  8. Fyfe DA, Holdsworth DW (2009) Signatures of Commerce in Small-Town Hotel Guest Registers. Social Science History 33:17-45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gong G, Tiller J (2009) Exploring Vegetation Patterns Along an Undefined Boundary: Eastern Harrison County, Texas, Late Spring, 1838. Social Science Computer Review 27:363-379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gregory IN (2000) Longitudinal Analysis of Age- and Gender-Specific Migration Patterns in England and Wales: A GIS-Based Approach. Social Science History 24:471-503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gregory IN (2008) Different Places, Different Stories: Infant Mortality Decline in England and Wales, 1851-1911. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 98:773-794CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gregory IN, Ell P (2007) Historical GIS: Technologies, Methodologies and Scholarship. Cambridge Studies in Historical Geography, Cambridge University Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Guo D, Gahegan M, MacEachren AM, Zhou B (2005) Multivariate Analysis and Geovisualization with an Integrated Geographic Knowledge Discovery Approach. Cartography and Geographic Information Science 32:113-132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hallam J, and Roberts, L. (2009) Projecting place: Mapping the city in film. Paper presented to: E-science Workshops, 2009 5th IEEE International Conference on, , OxfordGoogle Scholar
  15. Healey RG, Delve J (2007) Integrating GIS and data warehousing in a Web environment: A case study of the US 1880 Census. International Journal of Geographical Information Science 21:603-624CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jessop M (2008) The Inhibition of Geographical Information in Digital Humanities Scholarship. Literary and Linguistic Computing 23:39-50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Klenotic J (2007), “One moving picture show is enough… for a town like Colebrook”: a Comparative Social Geographic Analysis of Movie Exhibition in New Hampshire, 1896-1920. Paper presented to: “The Glow in their Eyes”. Global Perspective on Film Cultures,Google Scholar
  18. Film Exhibition and Cinemagoing, GhentGoogle Scholar
  19. Knowles AK (2008) GIS and History. In: Knowles AK (ed) Placing History: How Maps, Spatial Data, and GIS are Changing Historical Scholarship, ESRI Press, Redlands, CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
  20. Piatti B, Bar H, Reuschel A, Hurni L, Cartwright W (2008), Mapping Literature: Towards a Geography of Fiction. Paper presented to: Cartography and Art - Art and Cartography Conference, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  21. Ray BC (2002) Teaching the Salem Witch Trials. In: Knowles AK (ed) Past Time, Past Place: GIS for History, ESRI Press, Redlands, CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
  22. Roberts L (2010), Cinematic Cartography: Towards a Spatial Anthropology of the Moving Image. Paper presented to: Mapping, Memory, and the City, LiverpoolGoogle Scholar
  23. Shimizu E, Fuse T (2006) A Method for Visualizing the Landscapes of Old-Time Cities Using GIS. In: Okabe A (ed) GIS-based Studies in the Humanities and Social Sciences, CRC Press, NWGoogle Scholar
  24. The University Library (2008) Going to the Show, The University of North Carolina. Accessed: 20 September 2010
  25. Tufte ER (2001) The Visual Display of Quantitative Information. 2nd edn. Graphis Press LLC, Cheshire, ConnecticutGoogle Scholar
  26. Verhoeven D (2006) Film and Video. In: Cunningham S, Turner G (eds) Media and Communictions in Australia, Allen & Unwin, SydneyGoogle Scholar
  27. Verhoeven D, Arrowsmith C, Davidson A (2010) The Role of GIS and Spatial Analyses for Understanding Historical Change in the Post-War Film Industry: an Interdisciplinary Case Study Approach. Paper presented to: Mapping the City in Film: A Geo-historical Analysis - An Interdisciplinary Conference, University of LiverpoolGoogle Scholar
  28. Verhoeven D, Bowles K, Arrowsmith C (2009) Mapping the Movies: reflections on the use of geographical technologies for historical cinema audience research. In: Ross M, Grauer M, Freileben B (eds) Digital Tools in Film Studies, Transcript Verlag, BielefeldGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alwyn Davidson
    • 1
    Email author
  • Colin Arrowsmith
    • 1
  • Deb Verhoeven
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Mathematical and Geospatial SciencesRMIT UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.School of Applied CommunicationRMIT UniversityMelbourneAustralia

Personalised recommendations