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Myocardial Tissue Engineering and Regeneration as a Therapeutic Alternative to Transplantation

  • A. S. Krupnick
  • D. Kreisel
  • M. Riha
  • K. R. Balsara
  • B. R. Rosengard
Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume 280)

Abstract

Ischemic cardiomyopathy leading to congestive heart failure remains the leading source of morbidity and mortality in Western society and medical management of this condition offers only palliative treatment. While allogeneic heart transplantation can both extend and improve the quality of life for patients with end-stage heart failure, this therapeutic option is limited by donor organ shortage. Even after successful transplantation, chronic cardiac rejection in the form of cardiac allograft vasculopathy can severely limit the lifespan of the transplanted organ. Current experimental efforts focus on cellular cardiomyoplasty, myocardial tissue engineering, and myocardial regeneration as alternative approaches to whole organ transplantation. Such strategies may offer novel forms of therapy to patients with end-stage heart failure within the near future.

Keywords

Cardiac Myocytes Myocardial Scar Cardiac Allograft Vasculopathy Donor Organ Shortage Cellular Cardiomyoplasty 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. S. Krupnick
    • 1
  • D. Kreisel
    • 1
  • M. Riha
    • 1
  • K. R. Balsara
    • 1
  • B. R. Rosengard
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Division of Cardiothoracic SurgeryHospital of the University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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