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Use of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria in Horticultural Crops

Abstract

Horticulture is one of the areas where agricultural technologies are widely and intensively used. Horticultural crops may grow both in the open and closed space such as greenhouse and tunnel, and there are several practical applications such as propagation with cuttings and grafting, pruning, and soilless culture; plant growth regulators that have little or no use with other agricultural crops were used largely in horticultural crop production. In addition, to make sure of sufficient plant growth and development and high fruit yield and quality, these treatments should be inhered in horticultural production. Therefore, horticultural crops require more input than the other agricultural crops and sustainability maintenance is also quite significant. For these reasons, there is a need for different techniques that increase the input efficiency, and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) have proved to be a major tool. PGPR can affect on plant growth by production and release of secondary metabolites, lessening or preventing deleterious effects of phytopathogenic organisms in the rhizosphere and/or phyllosphere, and/or facilitating the availability and uptake of certain nutrients like N, P, and Fe from the root environment. In accordance with these action mechanisms, PGPR can be used for various purposes such as rooting of cutting, grafting union, fruit setting and thinning, lateral root formation, increasing tolerance against abiotic stress as well as growth, development, and biological control with root inoculation and/or spraying. These screening approaches and practical applications of PGPR in horticultural crops are the major focus of this review.

Keywords

  • Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
  • Fruit Crop
  • Plant Growth Promote Rhizobacteria
  • Horticultural Crop
  • Induce Systemic Resistance

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Fig. 8.1

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Esitken, A. (2011). Use of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria in Horticultural Crops. In: Maheshwari, D. (eds) Bacteria in Agrobiology: Crop Ecosystems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-18357-7_8

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