Historical Background

  • Menahem Friedman
  • Abraham Kandel
Part of the Intelligent Systems Reference Library book series (ISRL, volume 9)


Zeno, the 5-th century BC Greek philosopher, who is mainly remembered for his paradoxes, never gained the same prestige and admiration as did for example Socrates or Plato. But more than any other philosopher before or after him, Zeno introduced strong elements of uncertainty into mathematical thinking. He stumped mathematicians for over 2000 years, and his paradoxes provided both controversy and stimulation (besides entertainment of course) that inspired new research and ideas, including the development of calculus. This is quite fascinating considering the fact that he was a philosopher and logician, but not a mathematician.


Historical Background Integral Calculus French Mathematician Naturalis Principium Equilateral Polygon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Menahem Friedman
    • Abraham Kandel

      There are no affiliations available

      Personalised recommendations