Allen M, Ball B. Characterization and serological relationships of strains of Kashmir bee virus. Ann. Appl. Biol., 1995, 126: 471–484.
Allen M, Ball B. The incidence and world distribution of honey bee viruses. Bee World, 1996, 77: 141–162.
Allen M, Ball B, White R F, et al. The detection of acute paralysis virus in Varroa jacobsoni by the use of a simple indirect ELISA. J. Api. Res., 1986, 25: 100–105.
Anderson D L. A comparison of serological techniques for detecting and identifying honeybee viruses. J. Invertebr. Pathol., 1984, 44: 233–243.
Anderson D L, Trueman J W H. Varroa jacobsoni (Acari: Varroidae) is more than one species. Exp. Appl. Acarol., 2000, 24: 165–189.
Bailey L. Viruses attacking the honey bee. Adv. Virus Res., 1976, 20: 271–304.
Bailey L, Ball B V. Honey bee pathology. Academic Press Inc., San Diego, CA., 1991.
Bailey L, Ball B V, Perry J N. Honeybee paralysis: its natural spread and its diminished incidence in England and Wales. J. Apicul. Res., 1983, 22: 191–195.
Bailey L, Carpenter J M, Woods R D. Egypt bee virus and Australian isolates of Kashmir bee virus. J. Gen. Virol., 1979, 43: 641–647.
Bailey L, Gibbs A J, Woods R D. Sacbrood virus of the larval honey bee (Apis mellifera Linnaeus). Virology, 1964, 23: 425–429.
Bailey L, Milne R G. The multiplication regions and interaction of acute and chronic bee-paralysis viruses in adult honey bees. J. Gen. Virol., 1969, 4: 9–14.
Ball B V, Allen M F. The prevalence of pathogens in honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies infested with the parasitic mite Varroa jacobsoni. Ann. Appl. Biol., 1988, 113: 237–244.
Ball B V, Bailey L. Viruses of honey bees. // Adams, J. R. and Bonami, J. R. Atlas of invertebrate viruses. Boca Raton: CRC press, 1991: 525–551.
Bowen-Walker P L, Martin S J, Gunn A. The transmission of deformed wing virus between honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) by the ectoparasitic mite Varroa jacobsoni Oud. J. Invertebr. Pathol., 1999, 73: 101–106.
Burgett DM. Antibiotic systems in nectar, honey, and pollen. // Morse, R. A. and Flottum, K. Honey bee pests, predators, and diseases (eds). Medina: A. I. Root Co., 1997: 455–468.
Chen Y P, Pettis J S, Collins A, Feldlaufer M F. Prevalence and transmission of honey bee viruses. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2006a, 72(1): 606–611.
Chen Y P, Evans J D, Feldlaufer M F. Horizontal and vertical transmission of viruses in the honey bee, Apis mellifera, J. Invertebr. Pathol., 2006b, 92: 152–159.
Chen Y P, Higgins J A, Feldlaufer MF. Quantitative analysis of deformed wing virus infection in the honey bee, Apis mellifera L. by real-time RT-PCR. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2004a, 71: 436–441.
Chen Y P, Pettis J S, Feldlaufer M F. Detection of multiple viruses in queens of the honey bee, Apis mellifera L. J. Invertebr. Pathol., 2005, 90: 118–121.
Chen Y P, Siede R. Honey bee viruses. Adv. Virus Res., 2007, 70: 33–80.
Cox-Foster D L, Conlan S, Holmes E, et al. A metagenomic survey of microbes in honey bee colony collapse disorder. Science, 2007, 318: 283–287.
Dall D J. Multiplication of Kashmir bee virus in pupae of the honeybee, Apis mellifera. J. Invertebr. Pathol., 1987, 49: 279–290.
De Jong D, De Jong P H, Goncalves L S. Weight loss and other damage to developing worker honey bees from infestation with Varroa jacobsoni. J. Api. Res., 1982, 21: 165–167.
Dostert C, Jouanguy E, Irving P, et al. The Jak-STAT signaling pathway is required but not sufficient for the antiviral response of Drosophila. Nat Immunol., 2005, 6: 946–53.
Drum N H, Rothenbuhler W C. Non stinging aggressive responses of worker honey-bees to hivemates, intruder bees and bees affected with chronic bee paralysis. J. Apic. Res., 1983, 22: 256–260.
Ellis J D, Munn P A. The worldwide health status of honey bees. Bee World, 2005, 86: 88–101.
Engelsdorp van D, Underwood R, Caron D, Hayes J Jr. An estimate of managed colony losses in the winter of 2006–2007: A report commissioned by the Apiary Inspectors of America. Am. Bee J., 2007, 147: 599–603.
Evans J D, Aronstein K, Chen Y P, et al. Immune pathways and defence mechanisms in honey bees Apis mellifera. Ins. Mol. Biol., 2006, 15: 645–656.
Evans J D, Pettis J S. Colony-level effects of immune responsiveness in honey bees, Apis mellifera. Evolution, 2005, 59: 2270–2274.
Fauquet C, Mayo M A, Maniloff J, et al. Virus Taxonomy. The Eighth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Academic Press, 2005.
Fievet J, Tentcheva D, Gauthier L, et al. Localization of deformed wing virus infection in queen and drone Apis mellifera L. Virol. J., 2006, 3: 16.
Fries I, Camazine S. Implications of horizontal and vertical pathogen transmission for honey bee epidemiology. Apidologie, 2001, 32: 199–214.
Galiana-Arnoux D, Dostert C, Schneemann A, et al. Essential function in vivo for Dicer-2 in host defense against RNA viruses in Drosophila. Nat. Immuno., 2006, 7: 590–597.
Le Gall O, Christian P, Fauquet C M, et al. Picornavirales, a proposed order of positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses with a pseudo-T 3 virion architecture. Arch Virol., 2008, 153: 715–727.
Ghosh R C, Ball B V, Willcocks M M, Carter M J. The nucleotide sequence of sacbrood virus of the honey bee: an insect picorna-like virus. J. Gen. Virol., 1999, 80: 1541–1549.
Giauffret A, Duthoit J L, Caucat M J. Histological study of nervous tissue from honey bees infected with “black disease.” Bull. Apic. Doc. Sci. Tech. Inf., 1966, 9: 221–228.
Giauffret A, Duthoit J L, Tostain-Caucat MJ. Ultrastructure of cells of bees infected with the virus of black disease paralysis. Study of the cellular inclusions. Bull. Apic. Doc. Sci. Tech. Inf., 1970, 13: 115–126.
Gisder S, Aumeier P, Genersch E. Deformed wing virus: replication and viral load in mites (Varroa destructor). J Gen Virol., 2009, 90: 463–477.
Govan VA, Leat N, Allsopp M, Davison S. Analysis of the complete genome sequence of acute bee paralysis virus shows that it belongs to the novel group of insect-infecting RNA viruses. Virology, 2000, 277: 457–463.
Greeneway W, Scaysbroock T, Whatley F R. The composition and plant origins of propolis: a report work at Oxford. Bee World., 1990, 71: 107–118.
Harbo J R, Harris J W. Suppressed mite reproduction explained by the behavior of adult bees. J. Apic. Res., 2005, 44: 21–23.
Huszar T, Imler J L. Drosophila viruses and the study of antiviral host-defense. Adv. Virus Res., 2008, 72: 227–265.
Korpela S, Aarhus A, Fries I, Hansen H. Varroa jacobsoni Oud. in cold climates: Population growth, winter mortality and influence on the survival of honey bee colonies. J. Apic. Res., 1992, 31: 157–164.
Kovac H, Crailsheim K. Life span of Apis mellifera Carnica Pollm. Infested by Varroa jacobsoni in relation to season and extent of infestation. J. Apic. Res., 1988, 27: 230–238.
Kujumgiev A, Tsvetkova I, Serkedjieva Y, et al. Antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral activity of propolis of different geographic origin. J. Ethnopharmacol., 1999, 64: 235–40.
Kulincevic J, Ball B, Mladjan V. Viruses in honey bee colonies infested with Varroa jacobsoni: first findings in Yugoslavia. Acta Vet., 1990, 40: 37–42.
Lanzi G, de Miranda J R, Boniotti M B, et al. Molecular and biological characterization of deformed wing virus of honey bees (Apis mellifera L.). J. Virol., 2006, 80: 4998–5009.
Lapidge K L, Oldroyd B P, Spivak M. Seven suggestive quantitative trait loci influence hygienic behaviour of honey bees. Naturwissenschaften, 2002, 89: 565–568.
Leat N, Ball B, Govan V, Davison S. Analysis of the complete genome sequence of black queen-cell virus, a picorna-like virus of honey bees. J. Gen. Virol., 2000, 81: 2111–2119.
Lee P E, Furgala B. Chronic bee paralysis virus in the nerve ganglia of the adult honey bee. J. Invertebr. Pathol., 1965, 7: 170–174.
Lee P E, Furgala B. Electron microscopic observations on the localization and development of sacbrood virus. J. Invertebr. Pathol., 1967, 9: 178–187.
Maori E, Lavi S, Mozes-Koch R, et al. Isolation and characterization of Israeli acute paralysis virus, a dicistrovirus affecting honeybees in Israel: evidence for diversity due to intra-and inter-species recombination. J. Gen. Virol., 2007, 88: 3428–38.
Maori E, Paldi N, Shafir S, et al. IAPV, a bee-affecting virus associated with Colony Collapse Disorder can be silenced by dsRNA ingestion. Insect Mol. Biol., 2009, 18: 55–60.
Miorin P L, Levy Jr N C, Custodio A R, et al. Antibacterial activity of honey and propolis from Apis mellifera and Tetragonisca angustula against Staphylococcus aureus. J. Appl. Microbiol., 2003, 95: 913–20.
De Miranda J R, Drebot M, Tylor S, et al. Complete nucleotide sequence of Kashmir bee virus and comparison with acute bee paralysis virus. J. Gen. Virol., 2004, 85: 2263–2270.
Naug D, Camazine Scott. The role of colony organization on pathogen transmission in social insects. J. Theor. Biol., 2002, 215: 427–439.
Ohashi K, Natori S, Kubo T. Expression of amylase and glucose oxidase in the hypopharyngeal gland with an age-dependent role change of the worker honeybee (Apis mellifera L.). Eur. J. Biochem., 1999, 265: 127–133.
Oldroyd B P. What’s killing American honey bees? PLoS Biology, 2007, 5: 168.
Olivier V, Blanchard P, Chaouch S, et al. Molecular characterisation and phylogenetic analysis of Chronic bee paralysis virus, a honey bee virus. Virus Res., 2008, 132: 59–68.
Ongus J R, Peters D, Bonmatin J M, et al. Complete sequence of a picorna-like virus of the genus Iflavirus replicating in the mite Varroa destructor. J. Gen. Virol., 2004, 85: 3747–3755.
Santos K S, dos Santos L D, Mendes M A, et al. Profiling the proteome complement of the secretion form hypopharyngeal gland of Africanized nurse-honeybees (Apis mellifera L.). Insect Biochem. Mol. Biol., 2005, 35: 85–91.
Shen MQ, Cui LW, Ostiguy N, Cox-Foster D. Intricate transmission routes and interactions between picorna-like viruses (Kashmir bee virus and sacbrood virus) with the honeybee host and the parasitic varroa mite. J. Gen. Virol., 2005a, 86: 2281–2289.
Shen M Q, Yang X L, Cox-Foster D, Cui LW. The role of varroa mites in infections of Kashmir bee virus (KBV) and deformed wing virus (DWV) in honey bees. Virology, 2005b, 342: 141–149.
Shimanuki H, Calderone N W, Knox D A. Parasitic mite syndrome: The symptoms. Amer. Bee J., 1994, 134: 827–828.
Spivak M, Gilliam M. Hygienic behaviour of honey bees and its application for control of brood diseases and varroa-Part II. Studies on hygienic behaviour since the Rothenbuhler era. Bee World, 1998, 79: 169–186.
Spivak M, Reuter G S. Resistance to American foulbrood disease by honey bee colonies Apis mellifera bred for hygienic behavior. Apidologie, 2001, 32: 555–565.
Starks P T, Blackie C A, Seeley T D. Fever in honeybee colonies. Naturwissenschaften, 2000, 87: 229–231.
Stokstad E. The case of the empty hives. Science, 2007, 316: 970–972.
Tate J, Liljas L, Scotti P, et al. The crystal structure of cricket paralysis virus: the first view of a new virus family. Nat. Stru. Biol., 1999, 6: 765–74.
The Honeybee Genome Sequencing Consortium. Insights into social insects from the genome of the honey bee Apis mellifera. Nature, 2006, 443: 931–949.
Yang X, Cox-Foster D L. Impact of an ectoparasite on the immunity and pathology of an invertebrate: evidence for host immunosuppression and viral amplification. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 2005, 102: 7470–7475.
Yue C, Schröer M, Bienefeld K, Genersch E. Detection of viral sequences in semen of honeybees (Apis mellifera): Evidence for vertical transmission of viruses through drones. J. Invertebr. Pathol., 2006, 92: 105–108.
Yue C, Genersch E. RT-PCR analysis of Deformed wing virus in honeybees (Apis mellifera) and mites (Varroa desctructor). J. Gen. Virol., 2005, 86: 3419–3424.
Yue C, Schröer M, Gisder S, Genersch E. Verticaltransmission routes for deformed wing virus of honeybees (Apis mellifera) J. Gen. Virol., 2007, 88: 2329–2336.
Weinberg K P, Madel G. The influence of the mite Varroa jacobsoni Oud. on the protein concentration and haemolymph volume of the brood of the worker bees and drones of the honey bee, Apis mellifera. Apidologie, 1985, 16: 421–436.
Zambon R A, Vakharia V N, Wu L P. RNAi is an antiviral immune response against a dsRNA virus in Drosophila melanogaster. Cellular Microbio., 2006, 8: 880–889.
Zambon R A, Nandakumar M, Vakharia V N, Wu L P. The Toll pathway is important for an antiviral response in Drosophila. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 2005, 102: 7257–7262.