Advertisement

Gas Production on the Northwestern Shelf of the Black Sea: Scales, Geographic and Ecological Conditions, Consequences and Their Forecast

  • Dmitry Ya FashchukEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

The northwestern shelf (NWSH) is not only the most productive region of the Black Sea. At the end of the XX century this aquatory became an arena of intensive economic activities. Among a variety of its forms the development of marine gas fields by Ukraine is ecologically the most actual.

Keywords

Bottom Sediment Maximum Allowable Concentration Exploratory Drilling Offshore Zone Northwestern Shelf 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Almazov AM (1968) Hydrochemical essay. In: Biology of the northwestern Black Sea, Kiev. Naukova Dumka, Kiev, pp 32–43 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  2. Andrianova OR, Kholoptsev AV (1992) On water stratification of the western Black Sea. Oceanology 32(2):234–240 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  3. Arkhipov AG (1993) Estimation of abundance and distributional features of commercial fishes of the Black Sea in early ontogenesis. Voprosy Ikhtiologii (Problems of Ichthyology) 33(4):511–521 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  4. Artyukhin VI, Nosov VN (1987) Degradation of oil in the sea. Theoretical ecology. Moscow State University, Moscow, pp 55–70 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  5. Atsikhovskaya ZhD (1977) Intensity of water exchange as an estimating factor of sewage load on the northwestern Black Sea. Sea Biol 43:8–17 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  6. Belyaev VI, Doroguntsov SI, Sovga EE, Nikolaenko TS (2001) The estimation of level of anthropogenic load on the coastal zones and ecotones of the Black Sea coast of Ukraine. Morskoi Gidrofizicheskii Zurnal (Marine Hydrophysical J) (1):55–63 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  7. Berlinsky NA, Bogatova YuI, Garkavaya GP (2001) On development of hypoxia in the northwestern Black Sea in the present period. In: Scientific proceedings. Series: Biology. Special edition: Hydroecology, No. 4(15), Ternopol Pedagogical University, Ternopol, pp 114–116 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  8. Berlinsky NA, Kosarev AN, Garkavaya GP (2004) Influence of the Danube runoff on ecological conditions of the northwestern Black Sea. In: Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta (Herald of the Moscow University). Series: Geography, No. 5, pp 17–21 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  9. Buijs PHL (1991) Evaluation of the international water quality monitoring programme. Environmental management programme for the Danube. In: River Basin technical experts meeting, Sofia, 55 ppGoogle Scholar
  10. Chugai AV, Safranov TA (1999) Characteristic of water quality in near-mouth areas of the northwestern Black Sea. Compilation of scientific papers: ecological problems of the Northwestern Black Sea. Odessa, OTSNTEI, pp 181–186 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  11. Demyshev SG, Korotayev GK (1994) Numerical experiment on modeling of synoptic eddies in the Black Sea in summer. Morskoi Gidrofizicheskii Zhurnal (Marine Hydrophysical Journal) (1):72–83 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  12. Dobrzhanskaya MA (1960) The main features of hydrochemical regime of the Black Sea. In: Trudy Sevastopolskoi Biologicheskoi Stantsii (Proceedings of the Sevastopol Biological Station), vol 13, pp 325–385 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  13. Domashenko GP, Akselev OI (1990) Assessment of total allowable catch of Russian sturgeon in the northwestern Black Sea. In: Biological resources of the Black Sea, Moscow, pp 139–142 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  14. Edelshtein KK (1998) Phosphorus disposal into the coastal ocean zone with urban wastewater. Oceanology 38(2):216–220 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  15. Egorov AP, Fashchuk D Ya (2003) Geographic and ecological features of the northwestern shelf of the Black Sea in the context of offshore gas field development. In: Izvestiya RAN (Proceedings of the Russian Academy of Sciences). Series: Geography, No. 2, pp 57–71 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  16. Fashchuk D Ya (1998) The Black Sea: oceanographic and ecological aspects of the present state. In: The first international symposium on fisheries and ecology, 2–4 September 1998. Faculty of Marine Science, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon/Turkey, pp 333–347Google Scholar
  17. Fashchuk D Ya (1995) Hydrogen sulfide zone of the northwestern Black Sea shelf: nature, causes of formation, mechanisms of dynamics. Vodnye Resursy (Water Resources) 22(5):568–585 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  18. Fashchuk D Ya, Bryantsev VA, Trotsenko BG (1986) Peculiarities of oceanographic regime of the Black Sea under economic activities. In: Anthropogenic impact on coastal marine ecosystems. VNIRO, Moscow, pp 34–43 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  19. Fashchuk D Ya, Aizatulin TA, Sebakh LK (1987) Features of the present C-layer state in the Black Sea. In: Present state of the Black Sea ecosystem. Nauka, Moscow, pp 29–41 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  20. Fashchuk D Ya, Arkhipov AG, Shlyakhov VA (1995) Concentration of mass commercial fishes of the Black Sea at different stages of ontogenesis and its determining factors. Voprosy Ikhtiologii (Problems Ichthyol) 35(1):34–42 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  21. Fashchuk D Ya, Ovsienko SN, Leonov AV, Egorov AP, Zatsepa SN, Ivchenko AA (2003) Geoecological consequences of accidental offshore oil spills. In: Izvestiya RAN (Proceedings of the Russian Academy of Sciences). Series: Geography, No. 5, pp 57–73 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  22. Fashchuk D Ya, Chicherina OV, Leonov AV (2005) Geographic and ecological aspects of mathematical modeling of marine basins. In: Izvestiya RAN (Proceedings of the Russian Academy of Sciences). Series: Geography, No. 2, pp 26–37 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  23. Fashchuk D Ya, Avdeeva TM, Egorov AP, Petrenko OA (2006a) Hydrochemical consequences of gas production on the northwestern shelf of the Black Sea. In: Izvestiya RAN (Proceedings of the Russian Academy of Sciences). Series: Geography, No. 1, pp 101–111 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  24. Fashchuk D Ya, Leonov AV, Petrenko OA, Egorov AP (2006b) Forecast of self-purification of the Karkinit Bay of the Black Sea from oil products on the basis of geographic and ecological data. In: Izvestiya RAN (Proceedings of the Russian Academy of Sciences). Series: Geography, No. 4, pp 76–86 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  25. Fashchuk D Ya, Avdeeva TM, Egorov AP, Petrenko OA, Leonov AV (2006c) Environmental monitoring in the area of gas production on the northwestern shelf of the Black Sea. Vodnye Resursy (Water Resources) 33(1):44–61 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  26. Fesyunov OE (1988) Heavy metals in bottom sediments of the Danube–Dniester area of the northwestern Black Sea shelf. In: Heavy metals in environment and nature protection. Materials of the 2nd all-union conference, 28–30 December 1987. IPM, pp 312–313 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  27. Fesyunov OE, Nazarenko MF (1991) Geomorphological and ecological features of hypoxia zone on the northwestern shelf of the Black Sea. In: Ecologiya Morya (Ecology of the Sea), vol 37. Naukova Dumka, Kiev, pp 20–26 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  28. Garkavaya GP, Bogatova YuI, Berlinsky NA (2000) Formation of hydrochemical conditions in the Danube mouth offing. In: Compilation of scientific papers “Ecological safety of the coastal and shelf zone and complex exploitation of shelf resources”, Sevastopol, pp 133–140 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  29. Garkavaya GP, Bogatova YuI (2001) The present sources of eutrophication of the northwestern Black Sea. In: Scientific proceedings. Series: Biology. Special edition: Hydroecology, No. 3 (14), Ternopol Pedagogical University, Ternopol, pp 188–189 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  30. Grinevetsky SR, Zhiltsov SS, Zonn IS (2007) The Black Sea problems. Mezhdunarodnye Otnosheniya, Moscow, 197 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  31. Grishin GA, Kalinin VK, Motygiev SV, et al (1993) Temperature features of the Black Sea by data of satellite and contact sensing in the winter season. Investigations of the Earth from the Space, No. 2, pp 3–10 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  32. Ilyinsky VV (2000) Heterotrophic bacterioplankton: ecology and role in processes of natural environment purification from oil pollution. Dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Sciences. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Biological Faculty, Moscow, 397 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  33. Izrael YuA (1984) Ecology and control of environmental state. Gidrometeoizdat, Moscow, 560 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  34. Kalmakov AA, Tkalin AV (1986) Results of study of chemical pollution of Pacific waters. Meteorologiya i Gidrologiya (Meteorology and Hydrology) (5):67–72 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  35. Kaminer KM (1971) Distribution and reserves of phyllophora in the northwestern Black Sea by the materials of survey, 1969. In: Prospects of fishery development in the Black Sea. Odessa, pp 108–109 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  36. Katukov AV (1983) Phyllophora field as an indicator of ecosystem state. In: System analysis and modeling of processes on the Black Sea Shelf, Sevastopol, pp 140–147 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  37. Keondzhyan AP, Kudin AM, Terekhina YuV (eds) (1990) Practical ecology of marine regions: the Black Sea. Naukova Dumka, Kiev, 252 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  38. Khovansky AD, Chernousov SYa (1989) Geochemistry of landscapes in the northwestern Black Sea. Geokhimiya (Geochemistry) (12):1727–1735 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  39. Khutorny SA (2001) Mass fish suffocation off the Odessa coast in summer, 2000. In: Scientific proceedings. Series: Biology. Special edition: Hydroecology. Ternopol Pedagogical University, Ternopol, No. 4 (15), pp 197–198 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  40. Konovalov SK, Kubryakov AI, Demyshev SN (2004) Parameterization of chemico-biological processes of oxidation and numerical modeling of seasonal changes in distribution of oil hydrocarbons in anaerobic zone of the Black Sea. Morskoi Gidrofizicheskii Zhurnal (Marine Hydrophysical Journal) (1):26–40 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  41. Koronkevich NI (1995) Some directions of the geographic-hydrological investigations. In: Geographic directions in hydrology, Moscow, pp 30–48 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  42. Kostrov BP, Gorbunova TS, Kurapov AA, et al (2000) Oil influence on biotic components of the North Caspian ecosystem. Fishery investigations in the Caspian Sea. CaspNIRKH, pp 52–59 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  43. Latun VS (1989) Anticyclonic eddies in the Black Sea during summer 1984. Morskoi Gidrofizicheskii Zhurnal (Marine Hydrophysical J) (3):27–35 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  44. Leonov AV, Fashchuk D Ya (2006) Biotransformation of oil hydrocarbons in the Karkinit Bay of the Black Sea: estimation by the results of mathematical modeling. Vodnye Resursy (Water Resources) 33(3):311–326 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  45. Maksimov S (2008) Chernomorneftegaz will be supported by platform. Vestnik Geologorazvedki (Herald of Geological Exploration) (4):52–55 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  46. Maskalevich I (2008) Chernomorneftegaz: today and tomorrow. Vestnik Geologorazvedki (Herald of Geological Exploration) (4):34–40 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  47. Matishov GG, Matishov DG, Gargopa YuM (2008) Climatogenic changes in ecosystems of the southern seas under anthropogenic impact. In: Izvestiya RAN (Proceedings of the Russian Academy of Sciences). Series: Geography, No. 3, pp 26–34 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  48. Mironov OG (1985) Interaction of marine organisms with oil hydrocarbons. Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 128 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  49. Mitina NN, Singh VP (2005) Ecological features of functioning of oil production platforms: experience of the United States and Russia. In: Izvestiya RAN (Proceedings of the Russian Academy of Sciences). Series: Geography, No. 2, pp 92–102 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  50. Mitropolsky YuA, Bezborodov AA, Ovsyannyi EI (1982) Geochemistry of the Black Sea. Naukova Dumka, Kiev, 143 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  51. Moskalenko LV, Osadchyi AS, Titov VB (1994) Vertical structure and spatiotemporal variability of hydrophysical fields in the centers of quasi-stationary cyclonic circulations of the Black Sea. Oceanology 34(3):349–355 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  52. Nadezhin VM (1950) Concentration conditions of some fishes and dolphins in the Black Sea. Rybnoye Khozyaistvo (Fisheries) (1):31–38 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  53. Nazarenko MF, Ivanova LV (1988) Mercury in bottoms deposits of the northwestern Black Sea shelf. In: Heavy metals in environment and nature protection. Materials of the 2nd all-union conference, 28–30 December 1987, I.P.M., pp 310–311 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  54. Nemirovskaya IA (2004) Hydrocarbons in the ocean. Nauchnyi Mir, Moscow, 328 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  55. Orlova IG, Komorin VN (2001) Estimation of total chemical pollution level of the Black and Azov Sea ecosystems. In: Scientific proceedings. Series: Biology. Special edition: Hydroecology, No. 4 (15), Ternopol Pedagogical University, Ternopol, pp 141–142 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  56. Osadchyi A (2006) Oil and gas of the Russian shelf: assessments and forecasts. Nauka i Zhizn (Science and Life) 2–6 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  57. Pankratova TM, Sebakh LK, Panov BN, et al (1993) Pollution monitoring in the zone of development of prospective gas fields on the northwestern shelf of the Black Sea. In: The main results of the complex YugNIRO investigations in the Azov-Black Sea Basin and in the World Ocean. YugNIRO, Kerch, pp 43–47 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  58. Panteleev NA, Shcherbakov AN (1990) Observations on anticyclonic eddy formation in the coastal zone of the Black Sea. Morskoi Gidrofizicheskii Zhurnal (Marine Hydrophysical J) (3):55–59 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  59. Patin (1979) Pollution impact on the World Ocean biological resources and productivity. Pishchevaya promishlennost (Food industry), Moscow, 304 ppGoogle Scholar
  60. Patin SA (2001) Oil and continental shelf ecology. VNIRO, Moscow, 249 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  61. Petrenko OA, Sebakh LK, Fashchuk D Ya (2002) Some ecological consequences of dumping of grounds extracted during dredging operations in the Kerch Strait. Vodnye Resursy (Water Resources) 29(5):622–635 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  62. Polikarpov GG, Egorov VN, Gulin SB, Gulin MB, Stokozov NA (1990) Gas emissions from the Black Sea bottom—a new object of molismology. In: Molismology of the Black Sea. Naukova Dumka, Kiev, pp 5–10 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  63. Simonov AI, Altman EN (eds) (1991) Project “The seas of the USSR”. Hydrometeorology and hydrochemistry of the seas of the USSR. The Black Sea, vol IV. Hydrometeorological conditions, issue 1, St. Petersburg, 430 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  64. Simonov AI, Ryabinin AI, Gershanovich DE (eds) (1992) Project “The seas of the USSR”. Hydrometeorology and hydrochemistry of the seas of the USSR. The Black Sea, vol IV. Hydrochemical conditions, issue 2, St. Petersburg, 220 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  65. Saadzhan KA (1984) Anthropogenic changes in nutrient discharge into the northwestern Black Sea. In: Abstracts of the all-union conference on environment and problems of research, development, and conservation of biological resources of the seas of the USSR and World Ocean, Leningrad, p. 151 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  66. Samyshev EZ, Rubinshtein IG, Zolotarev PN, et al (1986) Variability and structure of the Black Sea benthos under anthropogenic impact. In: Anthropogenic impact on coastal marine ecosystems. VNIRO, Moscow, pp 52–71 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  67. Savin PT, Podplyotnaya NF (1991) Characteristic of oil pollution in coastal zone off Odessa. In: Abstracts of the 2nd all-union conference on fishery toxicology, Leningrad, November 1991, pp 139–140 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  68. Semenov AD, Pavlenko LF (1991) Marine environment pollution under development of oil-and-gas fields on the Azov and Black Sea shelves. In: Abstracts of the 2nd all-union conference on fishery toxicology, vol 2, St. Petersburg, 1991, pp 159–161 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  69. Semenov AD, Dolzhenko LS (1993) Ecological state of water bodies under hydromechanizied operations. In: Dredging, dumping, and conservation of aquatic ecosystems. Materials of the international conference, St. Petersburg, October 1993. Moscow, pp 50–52 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  70. Sevrikova SD (1988) On possible anthropogenic hydrochemical effects in coastal zone of the northwestern Black Sea shelf. In: Trudy GOIN (Proceedings of GOIN), vol 189, pp 181–187 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  71. Sevrikova SD, Gordina AD, Klimova TN, et al (1991) On negative ecological consequences of dumping. In: Abstracts of the 2nd all-union conference on fishery toxicology, vol 2, St. Petersburg, November 1991, pp 152–153 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  72. Shchekaturina TL, Osadchaya TS, Krivosheeva LV (2002) Background oil product and benzapyrene pollution levels in the Crimean shelf zone (Black Sea). Ekologiya Morya (Ecology of the Sea) 59:80–83 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  73. Sorokin YuI (1982) The Black Sea. Nature, resources. Nauka, Moscow, 216 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  74. Sovga EE, Zhorov VA, Boguslavsky SG (2000) Long-term variability of phosphorus fluxes in the northwestern Black Sea. Morskoi Gidrofizicheskii Zhurnal (Marine Hydrophysical J) (4):69–79 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  75. Svetasheva SK, Egorov VN, Gulin MB, et al (1990) Transformation of physiochemical forms of mercury and its distribution in aerobic and anaerobic zones of the Black Sea. In: Molismology of the Black Sea. Naukova Dumka, Kiev, pp 108–122 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  76. The Black Sea (1997) Transboundary Diagnostic Analisis//Programme Coordination Unit, New York, No. 4, 130 pрGoogle Scholar
  77. The criteria of assessment of ecological state of territories for identification of zones of ecological catastrophe and emergency ecological situation (1992) Minpriroda, Moscow, 42 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  78. The Earth’s crust and the history of development of the Black Sea basin (1975) Moscow, pp 225–229 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  79. Titov VB (1992) On a role of eddies in formation of current regime on the Black Sea shelf and in ecology of coastal zone. Oceanology 32(1):39–48 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  80. Titov VB (1993) Experimental data on meandering of the Main Black Sea Current. Oceanology 33(4):521–526 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  81. Tsyban AV, Simonov AI (1978) Present advances in research of oil oxidation processes in the sea. In: Processes of marine environment self-purification from chemical pollutions. Trudy GOIN (Proceedings of GOIN), vol 128, pp 5–27 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  82. Yeremeev VN, Ivanov VA, Tuzhilkin VS (1991) Climatic features of intraannual variability of hydrophysical fields of the Black Sea shelf zone. Preprint of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Marine Hydrophysical Institute, Sevastopol, 52 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  83. Zaitsev YuP (1989) State and development tendencies of the Black Sea ecosystem. In: The southern seas of Russia: geographical problems of research and development, Geographical Society of the USSR, Leningrad, pp 59–71 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  84. Zaitsev YuP (1992) Ecological state of the Black Sea shelf zone off the Ukrainian coast. Hydrobiological J 28(4):3–18 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  85. Zenin AA, Zaitseva LA (1989) Characteristic of the present state and forecast of hydrochemical regime of the Danube River. Hydrochemical materials, vol 18, Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, pp 91–107 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  86. Zernov SA (1909) Phyllophora (Algae-Rhodophyceae) facies, phyllophora field in the northwestern Black Sea. Ezhegodnik Zoologicheskogo Muzeya AN (Annals of Zoological Museum of the Academy of Sciences), St. Petersburg, vol 13, pp 3–4 (in Russian)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Russian Academy of ScienceInstitute of GeographyMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations