Drivers of Environmental Changes in Asia



Environmental changes are often related to natural and human-induced factors. Under the context of fast growth in Asia, the human-induced factors play a crucial role in understanding and addressing the environmental problems in the region. Human-induced factors include both direct and indirect ones. The direct factors consist of land use, resources exploitation, pollutant discharge, while the indirect ones are composed of population growth, economic development model, technology change, social institutions and social-political frameworks, and value systems, among others. The trend of environmental changes often depends on these indirect factors. As a result, assessing the changes of these factors can not only help predict the future trend of environmental changes, but also affect their future trend by changing these factors.


Foreign Direct Investment Ecological Footprint Consumption Expenditure Pollutant Discharge Asian Economy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anderson T, Folke C, Nystrom S. 1995. Trading with the Environment. London: EarthscanGoogle Scholar
  2. Cai LH. 2009. Low Carbon Economy: Green Revolution and Global Innovation and Competition Pattern (in Chinese). Beijing: Beijing Economic Science Publishing HouseGoogle Scholar
  3. Commoner B. 1971. The Closing Circle. New York: KnopfGoogle Scholar
  4. Commoner B. 1972. The Environmental Cost of Economic Growth. In Ronald G. Ridker, ed. Population, Resources and the Environment. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. 339–363Google Scholar
  5. Crafts N. 1998. East Asia Growth before and after the Crisis. IMF Staff Paper, 46(2): 139–166Google Scholar
  6. Ehrlich P R, Holdren J P. 1971. Impact of Population Growth. Science, 171: 1212–1217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ehrlich P R, Ehrlich A H. 1970. Population, Resources, Environment: Issues in Human Ecology. San Francisco: FreemanGoogle Scholar
  8. Global Footprint Network (GFN). 2010-08-22. The Ecological Footprint Atlas 2009. Scholar
  9. Grübler A. 2003. Technology and Global Change. IIASA, Luxenburg: Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar
  10. Huang D C, Wang Y, Kang X G. 1997. Introduction to Relationship between Man and Nature (in Chinese). Wuhan: Hubei Science and Technology Publishing HouseGoogle Scholar
  11. Liu S J, et al. 2006. On Tradition and Modernization (in Chinese). Beijing: China Renmin University PressGoogle Scholar
  12. Stern P C. 1993. A second environmental science: human-environment interactions. Science, 260: 1897–1899CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. UNEP. 2010-08-17. Global Environment Outlook. GEO Data Portal, 2010. Scholar
  14. UNEP. 2010-08-22. Global Environment Outlook 4 (GEO4). Scholar
  15. UNESCAP. 2006. State of the Environment in Asia and the Pacific 2005. United Nations PublicationGoogle Scholar
  16. United Nations Population Division. 2010-08-20. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. Scholar
  17. World Bank. 2010-08-22. World development indicators & Global development finance database. Scholar
  18. Zbicz D C, Turner J, Ellis L. 2010-07-15. Asia’s Future: Critical Thinking for a Changing Environment.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press Beijing and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Gumi-Dong Bundang-Gu Seongnam-Shi Gyunggi-DoRepublic of Korea

Personalised recommendations