Advertisement

Growth Rate of Selected Sheet-Encrusting Bryozoan Colonies Along a Latitudinal Transect: Preliminary Results

Growth Rate of Bryozoans
  • Piotr KuklinskiEmail author
  • Adam Sokolowski
  • Marcelina Ziolkowska
  • Piotr Balazy
  • Maja Novosel
  • David K. A. Barnes
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Earth System Sciences book series (LNESS, volume 143)

Abstract

Climate change driven alterations of sea-water temperature, salinity, acidity and primary production in many coastal regions will probably affect the ecophysiological performance of sedentary organisms. Despite bryozoan ubiquitous and often dominant occurrence in coastal zones there are few studies on their growth dynamics. Here we report growth rates of selected sheet-encrusting bryozoans from four contrasting (in mean annual water temperature) environments: Adriatic Sea (44° N), Baltic Sea (54° N), northern Norway (68° N), and Spitsbergen (78° N). Perspex panels were photographed underwater and colonies’ growth rates analyzed backwards using digital images. We found a negative trend between growth rate and latitude. Congeneric bryozoan species from lower latitudes grew faster: the average growth rate of the cyclostome genus Diplosolen from the Adriatic Sea was 75 mm2 after 5 months (~180 mm2/year) while Diplosolen arctica from Spitsbergen grew only 4 mm2/year. Similarly the average surface area of Microporella arctica individuals after 12 months in northern Norway was 12 mm2 compared to 2 mm2 in Spitsbergen. An exception from this general pattern was Einhornia crustulenta in the brackish environment of the Baltic Sea, which grew relatively rapid for this latitude and water temperature (surface area of up to 657 mm2/month after settlement).

Keywords

Bryozoa Growth rates Latitude 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank Dr. Suzanne Williams, Joachim Scholz and an anonymous reviewer for their comments and corrections leading to a more improved manuscript. This study has been completed thanks to a grant from the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education (No NN304 404038).

References

  1. Amui-Vedel A-M, Hayward PJ, Porter JS (2007) Zooid size and growth rate of the bryozoan Cryptosula pallasiana Moll in relation to temperature, in culture and in its natural environment. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 353:1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barnes DKA (1995) Seasonal and annual growth in erect species of Antarctic bryozoans. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 188:181–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barnes DKA, Arnold R (2001) A growth cline in encrusting benthos along a latitudinal gradient within Antarctic waters. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 210:85–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barnes DKA, DeGrave S (2001) Modelling multivariate determinants of growth in Antarctic bryozoans. In: Wyse Jackson P, Buttler C, Spencer Jones M (eds) Bryozoan studies 2001. Balkema, Lisse, pp 19–27Google Scholar
  5. Barnes DKA, Kuklinski P (2003) High polar spatial competition: extreme hierarchies at extreme latitude. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 259:17–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Barnes DKA, Webb KE, Linse K (2006) Slow growth of Antarctic bryozoans increases over 20 years and is anomalously high in 2003. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 314:187–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Barnes DKA, Webb KE, Linse K (2007) Growth rate and its variability in erect Antarctic bryozoans. Polar Biol 30:1069–1081CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bayer MM, Cormack RM, Todd CD (1994) Influence of food concentration on polipide regression in the marine bryozoan Electra pilosa (L.) (Bryozoa: Cheilostomata). J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 178:35–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bowden DA, Clarke A, Peck LS, Barnes DKA (2006) Antarctic sessile marine benthos: colonization and growth on artificial substrata over three years. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 316:1–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bradstock M, Gordon DP (1983) Coral-like bryozoan growths in Tasman Bay, and their protection to conserve commercial fish stocks. New Zeal J Mar Fresh 17:159–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Brey T, Gutt J, Mackensen A, Starmans A (1998) Growth and productivity of the high Antarctic bryozoan Melicerita obliqua. Mar Biol 132:327–333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gačić M, Poulain PM, Zore-Armanda M, Barale V (2001) Overview. In: Cushman-Roisin B, Gačić M, Poulain PM, Artegiani A (eds) Physical oceanography of the Adriatic Sea. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, 1–44Google Scholar
  13. Gordon DP, Mawatari SF (1992) Atlas of the marine-fouling Bryozoa of New Zealand ports and harbours, vol 107. Miscellaneous Publications of the New Zealand Oceanographic Institute, Wellington, pp 1–52Google Scholar
  14. Hoegh-Guldberg O, Bruno J (2010) The impact of climate change on the world’s marine ecosystems. Science 328:1523–1528CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kahle J, Liebezeit G, Gerdes G (2003) Growth aspects of Flustra foliacea (Bryozoa, Cheilostomata) in laboratory culture. Hydrobiologia 503:237–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kruk-Dowgiallo L, Szaniawska A (2008) Gulf of Gdansk and Puck Bay. In: Schiewer U (ed) Ecology of Baltic Coastal Waters, vol 197, Ecological studies. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, pp 139–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kuklinski P, Taylor PD (2006) Unique life history strategy in a successful Arctic bryozoan, Harmeria scutulata. J Mar Biol Assoc UK 86:1035–1046CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Linse K, Barnes DKA, Enderlein P (2006) Body size and growth of benthic invertebrates along an Antarctic latitudinal gradient. Deep-Sea Res Pt II 53:921–931CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Loeng H (1991) Features of the physical oceanographic conditions of the Barents Sea. Polar Res 10:5–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lombardi C, Cocito S, Occhipinti-Abbrogi A, Hiscook K (2006) The influence of sea water temperature on zooid size and growth rate in Pentapora fascialis (Bryozoa: Cheilostomata). Mar Biol 149:1103–1109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lombardi C, Cocito S, Hiscook K, Occhipinti-Abbrogi A, Setti M, Taylor PD (2008) Influence of seawater temperature on growth bands, mineralogy and carbonate production in a bioconstructional bryozoan. Facies 54:333–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Madhusudan S, Protheroe A, Propper D, Han C, Corrie P, Earl H, Hancock B, Vasey P, Turner A, Balkwill F, Hoare S, Harris AL (2003) A multicentre phase II trial of bryostatin-1 in patients with advanced renal cancer. Brit J Cancer 89:1418–1422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Nikulina E, Schäfer P (2006) Bryozoans of the Baltic Sea. Meyniana 58:75–95Google Scholar
  24. O’Dea A, Jackson JBC (2002) Bryozoan growth mirrors contrasting seasonal regimes across the Isthmus of Panama. Palaeogeogr Palaeocl 185:77–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Orlić M, Leder N, Pasarić M, Smirčić A (2000) Physical properties and currents recorded during September and October 1998 in the Velebit Channel (East Adriatic). Period Biol 102:31–37Google Scholar
  26. Schäfer P, Bader B (2008) Geochemical composition and variability in the skeleton of the bryozoans Cellaria sinuosa (Hassall): biological versus environmental control. In: Hageman SJ, Key MM, Winston JE (eds), Bryozoan studies 2007. Proceedings of the 14th International Bryozoology Association conference, Boone, North Carolina, 1–8 July 2007. Virginia Mus of Nat Hist Publ 15:269–279Google Scholar
  27. Smith AM (2007) Age, growth and carbonate production by erect rigid bryozoans in Antarctica. Palaeogeogr Palaeclimatol Palaeoecol 256:86–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Smith AM, Key MM (2004) Controls, variations and a record of climate change in detailed stable isotope record in a single bryozoan skeleton. Quaternary Res 61:123–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Węsławski JM, Zajączkowski M, Kwaśniewski S, Jezierski J, Moskal W (1988) Seasonality in an Arctic fjord ecosystem: Horsunfjord, Spitsbergen. Polar Res 6:185–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Winston JE (1977) Distribution and ecology of estuarine ectoprocts: a critical review. Chesapeake Sci 18:34–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Piotr Kuklinski
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Adam Sokolowski
    • 3
  • Marcelina Ziolkowska
    • 3
  • Piotr Balazy
    • 1
  • Maja Novosel
    • 4
  • David K. A. Barnes
    • 5
  1. 1.Institute of OceanologyPolish Academy of SciencesSopotPoland
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyNatural History MuseumLondonUK
  3. 3.Institute of OceanographyUniversity of GdanskGdyniaPoland
  4. 4.Laboratory of Marine BiologyZagrebCroatia
  5. 5.British Antarctic SurveyCambridgeUK

Personalised recommendations