Towards the Formulation of Effective General Shell Elements
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In Chapter 7 we discussed the difficulties encountered in the formulation of reliable and effective shell elements. These difficulties are summarized in the synopsis of Figure 8.1 in correspondence with the various types of shell asymptotic behaviors that can be encountered, as addressed in Chapter 5. The objective of the present chapter is to propose some strategies to evaluate shell finite element discretizations in the search for improved schemes. With general analytical proofs not available for the convergence behavior, the numerical assessment is a key ingredient in these strategies. As an example we present the formulation of the MITC shell elements and demonstrate how the numerical assessment of these elements can be performed.
KeywordsShell Element Convergence Curve Nite Element Membrane Norm Quadratic Rate
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