Rabaul: Papua New Guinea
Rabaul volcano, located on the island of New Britain, Papua New Guinea (PNG) features a breached flooded caldera open to the sea (Fig. 19.1). The volcano is located proximate to the junction of the South Bismarck, Solomon Sea and South Bismarck tectonic plates, is tectonically active and one of the most active and most dangerous volcanoes in PNG. Past effusive and violent eruptions resulted in a beached sea flooded caldera about 6000 BP (Williams 2013). The volcano has a history of effusive basaltic eruptions, dacitic and rhyolitic explosive eruptions and strombolian eruptions. The caldera has a number of volcanoes including Tovanumbatir, Kabiu, Turangunan, Tavurvur and Vulcan (Green et al. 1986). The highest point of the Rabaul caldera rises 688 m above the sea and features remnants of a shield formed by past pyroclastic flow deposits.
KeywordsCoral Reef Tourism Industry Volcano Observatory Strombolian Eruption Previous Eruption
- East New Britain. (2013). Tourism. Retrieved September 27, 2013, from http://www.eastnewbritain.gov.pg/tourism.htm.
- Global Volcanism Program. (2013). Rabaul. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved August 10, 2013, from http://www.volcano.si.edu/volcano.cfm?vnum=0502-14=.
- MTU Volcanoes Page. (2013). Rabaul Caldera, Papua New Guinea. Michigan Technological University. Retrieved September 27, 2013, from www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/rabaul/.
- Prideaux, B. (2009). Resort destinations: Evolution, management and development (pp. 1–310). Oxford: Butterworth Heinemann.Google Scholar
- Williams, I. (2013). Rabaul Volcanic Caldera, PNG. Retrieved September 27, 2013, from www.anaspides.net/earth_life_sciences/rabaul_volcanic_caldera.html.
- World Organization of Volcano Observatories. (2013). Rabaul Volcanology Observatory. Retrieved August 10, 2013, from www.wovo.org/0500_0504.html.