Priority Evaluation of Product Metrics for Sustainable Manufacturing
This chapter presents a framework to develop comprehensive product metrics for sustainable manufacturing and perform a priority evaluation of the metrics. Recent efforts made in this direction produced a large number of influencing factors and metrics for sustainable manufacturing. It is difficult to evaluate the sustainability content of a product with a large set of metrics and there is a need to prioritize these as per the requirements of different industrial segments. The use of analytic hierarchy process to prioritize the influencing factors for electronic products is illustrated through a case study. The development of product ontology is urged as a prerequisite to the ultimate solution for product manufacturers.
KeywordsProduct life-cycle Sustainable manufacturing Product metrics Analytic hierarchy process Ontology
The authors thank the University of Kentucky for the project sponsorship and for the use of labs and facilities for conducting this work.
- 1.Sustainable Products Corporation, Available: http://www.sustainableproducts.com/susproddef.html.
- 2.McDonough, W., Braungart, M. (2002) Cradle to Cradle. North Point Press, New York, NY.Google Scholar
- 3.National Council for Advanced Manufacturing (NACFAM) (2009) Sustainable Manufacturing, http://nacfam02.dev.web.sba.com/PolicyInitiatives/SustainableManufacturing/tabid/64/Default.aspx
- 4.International Organization for Standardization, ISO 14000 Essentials. http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/management_stanards/iso_9000_iso_14000/iso_14000_essentials.htm.
- 5.Jawahir, I.S., Dillon, O.W. (2007) Sustainable Manufacturing Processes: New challenges for developing predictive models and optimization techniques. First International Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing. Montreal, Canada.Google Scholar
- 6.Fiksel, J., McDaniel, J., Spitzley, D. (1998) Measuring product sustainability. Journal of Sustainable Product Design, 6:7–19.Google Scholar
- 7.Dickinson, D.A., Caudill, R.J. (2003) Sustainable product and material end-of-life management: An approach for evaluating alternatives. Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment, pp. 153–158.Google Scholar
- 10.Ungureanu, C.A., Das, S., Jawahir, I.S. (2007) Development of a sustainability scoring method for manufactured automotive products: A case study of auto body panels. Proceedings of IMECE, Seattle, WA.Google Scholar
- 12.Schmidt, W.P., Taylor, A. (2006) Ford of Europe’s product sustainability index. Proceedings of 13th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Leuven, Belgium.Google Scholar
- 13.Jawahir, I.S., Wanigarathne, P.C. (2004) New challenges in developing science-based sustainability principles for next generation product design and manufacture (Keynote Paper). Proceedings of TMT, Neum, Bosnia and Herzegovina, pp. 1–10.Google Scholar
- 14.De Silva, N., Jawahir, I.S., Dillon, Jr O., Russell, M. (2006) A new comprehensive methodology for the evaluation of product sustainability at the design and development stage of consumer electronics products. Proceedings of 13th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Leuven, Belgium, pp. 335–340.Google Scholar
- 15.Jawahir, I.S., Dillon, O.W., Rouch, K.E., Joshi, K.J., Venkatachalam, A., Jaafar, I.H. (2006) Total Life-cycle considerations in product design for sustainability: A framework for comprehensive evaluation. 10th International Research/Expert Conference. TMT, Barcelona.Google Scholar
- 16.Saaty, T.L. (2008) Decision making with the Analytic Hierarchy Process. International Journal of Services Sciences, 1:83–98.Google Scholar
- 18.ANSI workshop toward product standards for sustainability (2009) Workshop Report, April 8–9, 2009, Arlington, VA, USA.Google Scholar
- 22.Rao, R.V. (2007) Evaluation of environmentally conscious manufacturing programs using multiple attribute decision-making methods. The Journal of Engineering Manufacture, 222:441–451.Google Scholar
- 24.Kuo, T.C., Chang, S.H., Huang, S.H. (2006) Environmentally conscious design by using fuzzy multi-attribute decision-making. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 29:419–425.Google Scholar
- 27.OECD Report (2009) Sustainable Manufacturing and Eco-innovation – Synthesis Report – Framework, Practice and Measurement, OECD, Paris, France.Google Scholar
- 28.NIST Workshop on Sustainable Manufacturing: Metrics, Standards and Infrastructure (2009). http://www.nist.gov/mel/msid/sustainable_workshop.cfm
- 29.Sikdar, S.K. (2003) Sustainable development and sustainability metrics. AIChE Journal, 49(8):1928–1932.Google Scholar
- 30.Patil, L., Dutta, D., Sriram, R. (2005) Ontology-based exchange of product data semantics. IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering, 2:213–225.Google Scholar
- 32.IEEE (1990) Standard Computer Dictionary- A Compilation of IEEE Standard Computer Glossaries: 610, New York, NY, ISBN: 1559370793Google Scholar
- 33.Tursi, A., Panetto, H., Morel, G., Dassisti, M. (2007) Ontology-based products information interoperability in networked manufacturing enterprises. Proceedings of IFAC-CEA. Monterrey, Mexico.Google Scholar