Bossy or Wimpy: Expressing Social Dominance by Combining Gaze and Linguistic Behaviors

  • Nikolaus Bee
  • Colin Pollock
  • Elisabeth André
  • Marilyn Walker
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6356)


This paper examines the interaction of verbal and nonverbal information for conveying social dominance in intelligent virtual agents (IVAs). We expect expressing social dominance to be useful in applications related to persuasion and motivation; here we simply test whether we can affect users’ perceptions of social dominance using procedurally generated conversational behavior. Our results replicate previous results showing that gaze behaviors affect dominance perceptions, as well as providing new results showing that, in our experiments, the linguistic expression of disagreeableness has a significant effect on dominance perceptions, but that extraversion does not.


intelligent virtual agents social dominance verbal and nonverbal behaviors personality evaluation 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikolaus Bee
    • 1
  • Colin Pollock
    • 2
  • Elisabeth André
    • 1
  • Marilyn Walker
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Computer ScienceAugsburg UniversityAugsburgGermany
  2. 2.University of CaliforniaSanta Cruz

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