A Frequency Domain Approach to PID Controllers Design in Boiler-Turbine Units

  • Hui Pan
  • Minrui Fei
  • Ling Wang
  • Kang Li
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 98)


This paper proposes a frequency domain approach—direct Nyquist array (DNA) method, to the design of PID controllers for multivariable boiler-turbine units based on gain and phase margins. The main objective is to propose an integrated method for the design and auto-tuning of simple yet robust PID controllers that can be more easily implemented for the boiler-turbine units in modern power plants. For this, the model of the original multi-input multi-output (MIMO) system is first transformed into a diagonal or diagonal dominance matrix after the system is appropriately compensated. Then, various PID controller design methods for single-input single-output (SISO) systems can be easily extended to decoupled or quasi-decoupled MIMO systems. In particular, the proposed method allows the user to specify the robustness and other key performances of the system through the gain and phase margin specifications. Simulation results illustrate the efficacy of the proposed method, showing that the designed controller for a boiler-turbine unit has a reduced number of elements by a half and produces much better dynamic performances than the one designed by Tan’s method.


PID control gain and phase margins boiler-turbine unit direct Nyquist array method 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hui Pan
    • 1
  • Minrui Fei
    • 1
  • Ling Wang
    • 1
  • Kang Li
    • 2
  1. 1.Shanghai Key Laboratory of Power Station Automation TechnologyShanghai UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.School of Electronics, Electrical Engineering and Computer ScienceQueen’s University BelfastUnited Kingdom

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