A Frequency Domain Approach to PID Controllers Design in Boiler-Turbine Units
This paper proposes a frequency domain approach—direct Nyquist array (DNA) method, to the design of PID controllers for multivariable boiler-turbine units based on gain and phase margins. The main objective is to propose an integrated method for the design and auto-tuning of simple yet robust PID controllers that can be more easily implemented for the boiler-turbine units in modern power plants. For this, the model of the original multi-input multi-output (MIMO) system is first transformed into a diagonal or diagonal dominance matrix after the system is appropriately compensated. Then, various PID controller design methods for single-input single-output (SISO) systems can be easily extended to decoupled or quasi-decoupled MIMO systems. In particular, the proposed method allows the user to specify the robustness and other key performances of the system through the gain and phase margin specifications. Simulation results illustrate the efficacy of the proposed method, showing that the designed controller for a boiler-turbine unit has a reduced number of elements by a half and produces much better dynamic performances than the one designed by Tan’s method.
KeywordsPID control gain and phase margins boiler-turbine unit direct Nyquist array method
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