Bee-Sensor: A Step Towards Meta-Routing Strategies in Hybrid Ad Hoc Networks

  • Israr Ullah
  • Muhammad Saleem
  • Muddassar Farooq
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6234)


In next generation ad hoc networks, MANETs and WSNs will cohesively integrate to provide a unified ad hoc framework. Such a hybrid network – due to conflicting operational environments – presents unique challenges for routing protocols. A recently proposed BeeSensor protocol inherits relevant features from BeeAdHoc – a bee-inspired protocol for mobile ad hoc networks. In this paper, we would first do requirements engineering of protocols for hybrid networks and then enhance BeeSensor with relevant features to make it suitable for MANETs and WSNs. Finally, we implement enhanced BeeSensor in famous ns-2 simulator and compare its performance with well known MANET protocols namely DSR, AODV and DSDV. The results of our experiments show that BeeSensor – using our mobility model – delivers similar or better performance compared with its competitors in low mobility scenarios. But its performance relatively degrades in high mobility scenarios. Towards the end of the paper, we propose changes that can overcome these shortcomings.


MANETs WSNs meta-routing 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Israr Ullah
    • 1
  • Muhammad Saleem
    • 2
  • Muddassar Farooq
    • 1
  1. 1.Next Generation Intelligent Networks Research Center (nexGIN RC)National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences (FAST-NUCES)IslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Center for Advanced Studies in Engineering (CASE)IslamabadPakistan

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