Kalpasar: Potential Coastal Impacts for India of a Mega-Engineering Project “Fulfilling All Wishes”

  • D. Venkata Subba RaoEmail author
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


The Gulf of Khambhat, (also known as the Gulf of Cambay, Gujarat), an inlet of the Arabian Sea is located between 20° 35′–22° 20′N and 72° 05′–72° 55′E on the West Coast of India (Fig.  1). A high tidal energy environment this Gulf receives freshwater from 12 rivers including the Shetrunj, Mahi Sagar, Narmada, Tapi, Sabarmati, Kim and the Dhadhar, that flow through Gujarat State (Fig.  2). These rivers have traditionally supported thriving human settlements (Karanth et al. 2005). Known as the ‘lifeline of Madhya Pradesh’ Narmada has 34.537 × 10 6 m 3 of utilizable freshwater to be shared by Madhya Pradesh (65%), Gujarat (32%), Rajasthan (1.78%) and Maharashtra (0.89%).


Dissolve Inorganic Nitrogen Mangrove Forest Submarine Pipeline Dissolve Inorganic Phosphate Freshwater Reservoir 
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I am most grateful to Dr. James E. Stewart, Emeritus Scientist, Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada and Dr. Ravi V. Durvasula, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA for constructive criticism of the manuscript. I thank Professor Viorel Badescu for his infinite patience. My thanks are due to Dr. P.S. Rao, Senior Scientist, National Institute of Oceanography, Goa, India for providing several publications on the Gulf of Khambhat and Mr. Francis Kelly, Technographics Bedford Institute of Oceanography for the illustrations, and Bala T. Durvasula for formatting the text.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DartmouthCanada

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