Treeing the CATS: Artificial Gulf Formation by the Chotts Algeria–Tunisia Scheme

  • Nicola M. PugnoEmail author
  • Richard B. Cathcart
  • Joseph J. Friedlander
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


The Chotts Algeria–Tunisia Scheme (CATS) is a grand design to form a man-excavated new Mediterranean Sea gulf to be shared by Tunisia and Algeria. It is well known that closed and nearly closed seawater volumes fluctuate in response to changes in local aerial regional evaporation and precipitation rates. The Zone of Chotts, bordering the Sahara at 32–35 North Latitude by 5–10 East Longitude, shared by Algeria and Tunisia, is an aggregation of playas that currently exist under a high-evaporation/low-rainfall regime (often >20:1); nowadays these particular playas are subjected to sporadic ephemeral floods. The mean annual rainfall is ~90–120 mm in southern Tunisia and Algeria, with high inter-annual variability. The rainy season extends from November to February, with summertime winds emanating from the northwest, and from the southwest during wintertime and Spring—that is, blowing from the aridified, desolate and mostly uninhabited Sahara landscape. The mean regional...


Graphene Sheet Ballast Water North Atlantic Ocean Tunnel Boring Machine Suez Canal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicola M. Pugno
    • 1
    Email author
  • Richard B. Cathcart
    • 2
  • Joseph J. Friedlander
    • 3
  1. 1.Politecnico Di TorinoTurinItaly
  2. 2.GeographosBurbankUSA
  3. 3.Shave ShomronIsrael

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