Learning with Virtual Reality: Its Effects on Students with Different Learning Styles

  • Elinda Ai-Lim Lee
  • Kok Wai Wong
  • Chun Che Fung
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6250)


This study aims to investigate the effects of a virtual reality (VR)-based learning environment on learners with different learning styles. The learning outcomes were measured cognitively through academic performance, and affectively through perceived learning effectiveness and satisfaction. A pretest-posttest design was employed for this study. A total of 232 students from four randomly selected co-education secondary schools in a city of East Malaysia participated in this study. There was no significant difference in the cognitive and affective learning outcomes for students with different learning styles in the VR-based learning environment. This shows that the VR-based learning environment offers promise in accommodating individual differences pertaining to learning styles.


Virtual Reality Learning Style Gain Score Concrete Experience Virtual Reality Application 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elinda Ai-Lim Lee
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kok Wai Wong
    • 1
  • Chun Che Fung
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Information TechnologyMurdoch UniversityMurdoch
  2. 2.FSKMMara University of Technology Sarawak Branch

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