• K. KubitzkiEmail author
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 10)


>Erect or scandent rhizomatous shrubs, subshrubs, or rarely perennial herbs, evergreen or summergreen; the roots harbouring actinorhizal symbionts; stems with corky lenticels, sharply quadrangular, long and short, eventually arching to pendulous, sometimes with clusters of axillary inflorescence buds produced on main axes. Leaves opposite, more rarely in trimerous whorls, simple, entire, subsessile; venation palmate, veins 3(5); stipules minute, deciduous. Inflorescences many-flowered racemes, terminating main or lateral axes, often hidden under densely leafy stems. Flowers hermaphrodite or functionally unisexual, markedly protogynous, regular, small, 5-merous, diplostemonous; sepals distinct, quincuncially arranged; petals distinct, with open or valvate aestivation, keeled ventrally, smaller than sepals at anthesis but later accrescent and becoming fleshy, protruding between the carpels; stamens distinct or the antepetalous ones adnate to petals; anthers large, basifixed or slightly dorsifixed, tetrasporangiate, dithecal, dehiscing longitudinally, introrse; ovary superior, 5- or more rarely 10-carpellate and -locular, superior, synascidiate for two thirds of its length, proximally plicate; each carpel with a long slender stylodium that is papillose and stigmatic over its entire surface; ovule 1 per locule, pendulous, anatropous, bitegmic, crassinucellar, the micropyle directed upwards; placentation median, apical. Fruit of distinct, small, purple to black hard-walled nuts, enclosed by the persistent, fleshy petals. Seeds slightly compressed, endosperm scant or 0; embryo straight, oily.


Ellagic Acid Axial Parenchyma Subalpine Belt Simple Perforation Plate Actinorhizal Symbiosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Selected Bibliography

  1. Allan, H.H. 1961. Coriariaceae. In: Flora of New Zealand, vol. 1. Wellington: R.E. Owen.Google Scholar
  2. Behnke, H.-D. 1981. Sieve element characters. Nord. J. Bot. 1: 381–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Carlquist, S. 1985. Wood anatomy of Coriariaceae: phylogenetic and ecological implications. Syst. Bot. 10: 174–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Carlquist, S., Miller, R.B. 2001. Wood anatomy of Corynocarpus is consistent with cucurbitalean placement. Syst. Bot. 26: 54–65.Google Scholar
  5. Corner, E.J.H. 1976. The seeds of the dicotyledons. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Engler, A. 1890. Coriariaceae. In: Engler & Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. III, 5: 128–129.Google Scholar
  7. Garg, M. 1981. Pollen morphology and systematic position of Coriaria. Phytomorphology 30: 5–10.Google Scholar
  8. Good, R.D’O. 1930. The geography of the genus Coriaria. New Phytol. 29: 170–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gregor, H.-J. 1980. Seeds of the genus Coriaria Linné (Coriariaceae) in the European Neogene. Tert. Res. 3: 61–69.Google Scholar
  10. Guédès, M. 1971. Carpel peltation and syncarpy in Coriaria ruscifolia L. New Phytol. 70: 213–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hegnauer, R. 1964. Chemotaxonomie der Pflanzen, Bd. 3. Basel: Birkhäuser.Google Scholar
  12. Hegnauer, R. 1989. Chemotaxonomie der Pflanzen, Bd. 8. Basel: Birkhäuser.Google Scholar
  13. Matthews, M.L., Endress, P.K. 2004. Comparative floral structure and systematics in Cucurbitales (Corynocarpaceae, Coriariaceae, Tetramelaceae, Datiscaceae, Begoniaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Anisophylleaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 145: 129–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Mauritzon, J. 1936. Zur Embryologie der Berberidaceen. Acta Horti Gothoburg. 11: 1–18.Google Scholar
  15. Oginuma, K., Nakata, M., Suzuki, M., Tobe, H. 1991. Karyomorphology of Coriaria (Coriariaceae): taxonomic implications. Bot. Mag. Tokyo 104: 297–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Poole, A.L., Adams, N.M. 1964. Trees and shrubs of New Zealand. Wellington: R.E. Owen.Google Scholar
  17. Praglowski, J. 1970. 1. Coriariaceae. In: Erdtman, G. (ed.) World Pollen Flora. Copenhagen: Munksgaard.Google Scholar
  18. Ridley, H.N. 1930. The dispersal of plants throughout the World. Ashford: Reeve.Google Scholar
  19. Saporta, G. de. 1865. Etudes sur la végétation du Sud-Est de la France à l’époche tertiaire. Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. V, 4: 5–264, 13 pl.Google Scholar
  20. Sharma, V.K. 1968. Floral morphology, anatomy, and embryology of Coriaria nepalensis Wall. with a discussion of the interrelationships of the family Coriariaceae. Phytomorphology 18: 143–153.Google Scholar
  21. Skog, L.E. 1972. The genus Coriaria (Coriariaceae) in the Western Hemisphere. Rhodora 74: 242–253.Google Scholar
  22. Susuki, M., Yoda, K. 1986. Comparative wood anatomy of Coriaria in East Asia. J. Jap. Bot. 61: 289–296 and 333–342.Google Scholar
  23. Swensen, S.M. 1996.The evolution of actinorhizal symbioses: evidence for multiple origins of the symbiotic association. Am. J. Bot. 83: 1503–1512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Thomson, P.N., Gornall, R.J. 1995. Breeding systems in Coriaria (Coriariaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 117: 293–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Tobe, H., Suzuki, M., Fukuhara, T. 1992. Pericarp anatomy and evolution in Coriaria (Coriariaceae). Bot. Mag. Tokyo 105: 289–302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Weberling, F. 1955. Die Stipularbildungen der Coriariaceae. Flora 142: 629–630.Google Scholar
  27. Yokoyama, J., Suzuki, M., Iwatsuki, K., Hasebe, M. 2000. Molecular phylogeny of Coriaria, with special emphasis on the disjunct distribution. Mol. Phylogen. Evol. 14: 11–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Zhang, L.-B., Simmons, M.P., Kocyan, A., Renner, S.S. 2006. Phylogeny of the Cucurbitales based on DNA sequences of nine loci from three genomes: implications for morphological and sexual system evolution. Mol. Phylogen. Evol. 39: 305–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biozentrum Klein-FlottbekHamburgGermany

Personalised recommendations