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Nitrariaceae

  • M. C. SheahanEmail author
Chapter
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 10)

Abstract

Shrubs 0.5–2 m tall, often with spines. Leaves alternate or fasciculate, petiolate to subsessile, simple, fleshy, often with short appressed hairs, cuneate at base and acute, 3-lobed or retuse at apex; stipules minute, intrapetiolar, free, often caducous. Flowers 5-merous, bisexual (dioecious in Nitraria billardieri), small, pedicellate, solitary or aggregated into lax scorpioid cymes, caducous bracts sometimes present; sepals distinct, imbricate or united at base, persistent; petals concave, yellowish-green or white; disk small, fleshy; stamens (10)15, without appendages; filaments inserted at margin of disk; anthers oblong, dorsifixed, versatile; ovary superior, sessile, oblong-pyramidal, silky, 3(6)-carpellate, simple, narrowing gradually with 3(6) decurrent stigmatic lobes at apex; ovule 1 per carpel, pendulous, apotropous, bitegmic, crassinucellar. Fruit a berry-like drupe with long bony endocarp, 1-seeded, derived from single fertile loculus. Seed pendulous, ovoid-acuminate, exalbuminous but contains oil. 2n=24, 48, 60.

Keywords

Coastal Sand Dune Mucilage Cell Saline Desert Libriform Fibre Water Storage Tissue 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jodrell LaboratorySurreyUK

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