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Lignocellulose-Degrading Enzymes in Soils

  • Petr BaldrianEmail author
  • Jaroslav Šnajdr
Chapter
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 22)

Abstract

Biopolymers contained within or derived from plant biomass form are by far the largest pool of soil carbon. The decomposition of lignocellulose in the soil environment thus attracts considerable attention. Lignocellulose is composed mainly of the polysaccharidic polymers cellulose and hemicelluloses , and the polyphenolic polymer lignin . During transformation in soils, humic substances (humus, humic, and fulvic acids) are formed from both lignocellulose and structural components of microbial decomposers. This is achieved through the concerted action of lignocellulose-degrading enzymes, whose activity is regulated by soil properties, land use and the identity of their microbial producers. Soil fungi seem to be the most important players in lignocellulose transformation processes due to their ability to attack both polysaccharides and polyphenols in the soil organic matter. While some basic concepts of regulation of enzymatic activity have been outlined, questions regarding enzyme production and diversity at the molecular level are just recently being opened.

Keywords

Humic Substance Microbial Biomass Forest Soil Fungal Biomass Laccase Activity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgment

Financial support from the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic (Project LC06066) and from the Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic (Project QH72216) is gratefully acknowledged.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Environmental MicrobiologyInstitute of Microbiology of the ASCR, v.v.iPraha 4Czech Republic

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