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Behavior of Enzymatic Activity in Chilean Volcanic Soil and Their Interactions with Clay Fraction

  • Analí RosasEmail author
  • Ada López
  • Roxana López
Chapter
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 22)

Abstract

Volcanic soil, Andisols, and Ultisols comprise clays with physico-chemical differences, which is crucial for the immobilization of enzymes and their catalytic properties. The properties of volcanic soils related to enzyme immobilization are described. Specifically, the characteristics of allophane, the predominant clay in Andisols, and kaolinite, the most representative clay in Ultisols, are considered. The mechanisms by which enzymes are immobilized in Andisol and Ultisol clays are described, with particular emphasis on acid phosphatase. In addition, the values of enzyme activities in volcanic soil affected by management practices such as tillage system, application of herbicides, and manganese (Mn) and molybdenum (Mo) micronutrient application are reported.

Keywords

Acid Phosphatase Enzyme Immobilization Free Enzyme Immobilization Process Volcanic Soil 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Facultad de Agronomía, Departmento de Ciencia del Suelo y Recursos NaturalesUniversidad de ConcepciónChillanChile
  2. 2.Instituto de Biología Vegetal y BiotecnologíaUniversidad de TalcaCasilla 747Chile
  3. 3.Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Departamento de Producción AgrícolaUniversidad de TalcaCasilla 747Chile

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