The Influence of Pesticides on Soil Enzymes

  • Liliana GianfredaEmail author
  • Maria A. Rao
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 22)


Pesticides are one of the major products developed by man in the last century. They may have a beneficial impact on agricultural productivity, but they are also a potential hazard to the environment. In the soil, enzymes, contributing under different states to the total biological activity of soil–plant environment, may be strongly influenced by pesticides, which are usually extraneous to the normal pool of soil components. The present chapter provides a survey of the old and recent findings obtained on the effect of diverse pesticides on the activity of enzymes in soils from different origins. Information is also given on the influence on soil enzyme activity by the presence of pesticide residues, the repeated application of the same pesticide, the interaction of more than one pesticide applied in combination, the simultaneous presence of organic amendments or inorganic pollutants. Most of the studies were performed under field conditions though much information was also achieved by laboratory experiments.


Soil Respiration Urease Activity Organic Amendment Soil Enzyme Methyl Parathion 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze del Suolo della Pianta, dell’Ambiente e delle Produzioni AnimaliUniversità di Napoli Federico IIPorticiItaly

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