Soil Enzyme: The State-of-Art

  • Madhunita Bakshi
  • Ajit VarmaEmail author
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 22)


Soils are home to a huge range of organisms, from microbes to moles that rely on the natural cycle of life, death, decomposition, and regeneration as a vital source of nutrients and energy. Enzymes are the key to understanding below-ground biochemistry and the role of soil in the global carbon cycle. These biological mediators of change are active both within living soil organisms and independently as extracellular proteins that are actively secreted into the soil by roots and fungi, or released as prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells that die and decompose. Soil enzymes regulate ecosystem functioning and in particular play a key role in nutrient cycling. The present chapter provides a brief appraisal of the different components of soil and potential roles of selected enzymes such as Amylase, Arylsulphatase, β-glucosidase, Cellulase, Chitinase, etc. in the ecosystem.


Laccase Activity Urease Activity Soil Enzyme Soil Enzyme Activity Biological Soil Crust 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Amity Institute of Microbial TechnologyAmity University Uttar PradeshNoidaIndia

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