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Probabilistic Automata on Finite Words: Decidable and Undecidable Problems

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Automata, Languages and Programming (ICALP 2010)

Part of the book series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ((LNTCS,volume 6199))

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Abstract

This paper tackles three algorithmic problems for probabilistic automata on finite words: the Emptiness Problem, the Isolation Problem and the Value 1 Problem. The Emptiness Problem asks, given some probability 0 ≤ λ ≤ 1, whether there exists a word accepted with probability greater than λ, and the Isolation Problem asks whether there exist words whose acceptance probability is arbitrarily close to λ. Both these problems are known to be undecidable [11,4,3]. About the Emptiness problem, we provide a new simple undecidability proof and prove that it is undecidable for automata with as few as two probabilistic transitions. The Value 1 Problem is the special case of the Isolation Problem when λ= 1 or λ= 0. The decidability of the Value 1 Problem was an open question. We show that the Value 1 Problem is undecidable. Moreover, we introduce a new class of probabilistic automata, acyclic automata, for which the Value 1 Problem is decidable.

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Gimbert, H., Oualhadj, Y. (2010). Probabilistic Automata on Finite Words: Decidable and Undecidable Problems. In: Abramsky, S., Gavoille, C., Kirchner, C., Meyer auf der Heide, F., Spirakis, P.G. (eds) Automata, Languages and Programming. ICALP 2010. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 6199. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-14162-1_44

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-14162-1_44

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-642-14161-4

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-642-14162-1

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