AutOMathic Blocks: Supporting Learning Games for Young Blind Students

  • Arthur I. Karshmer
  • Ken Paap
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6180)


The AutOMathic Blocks system has been developed to help young blind students in the acquisition of elementary math skills. Through the use of Braille labeled blocks, a plastic grid, a touchpad device and any computer, the system has been defined to aid the young student in this most important domain of education. Without these basic skills, students have a much higher probability of not being able to enter math related professions.


Mathematics Learning Blind 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arthur I. Karshmer
    • 1
  • Ken Paap
    • 2
  1. 1.University of San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.San Francisco State UniversitySan FranciscoUSA

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