Advertisement

Software and Standards in an Emerging Domain

  • Mirja Pulkkinen
  • Denis Kozlov
  • Jan Pawlowski
Part of the Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing book series (LNBIP, volume 51)

Abstract

This paper considers the software market in the field of e-Learning and Technology Enhanced Learning (TEL) through observing standardization developments in the domain. A model of software market evolution suggests that observations on development and deployment of standards in the domain indicate the status on the market. As the model holds, in a mature phase, level of standardization is high and the number of competing standards low. The result of the study is, there appears to be a market, but a heterogeneous one, with hesitation on dominant designs and an overall modest level of standards adoption. Content standardization enables the (re)use of the learning content in multiple formats with diverse learning management systems (LMS), virtual learning environments (VLEs), learning platforms, HRM and administration systems. A number of initiatives to develop specifications or standards exist. Competing standards or specifications are found for most target areas. Efforts to establish common frameworks and reference models have emerged. Such overall consensus frameworks will support developments towards content interoperability in this vertical as they have in other domains.

Keywords

Software market evolution content standards e-Learning TEL 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Cooper, A.: Evaluating Standards – A Discussion of Perspectives, Issues and Evaluation Dimensions, JISC CETIS April 14 (2009), http://blogs.cetis.ac.uk/adam/2009/04/14/the-problem-with-evaluating-standards/
  2. Duval, E.: Learning Technology Standardization: Making Sense of it All. ComSIS 1(1) (February 2004), http://www.comsis.org/ComSIS/Volume01/InvitedPapers/ErikDuval.htm
  3. IEEE, IEEE 1484.12.1-2002. Learning Object Metadata (2002)Google Scholar
  4. IEEE, IEEE 1484.20.1/Draft 8 Draft Standard for Learning Technology – Data Model for Reusable Competency Definitions (2007), http://ltsc.ieee.org/wg20
  5. IMS, IMS Learning Design Specification, version 1 (2003), http://www.imsglobal.org/learningdesign/
  6. IMS, IMS Question & Test Interoperability Specification, version 2.1 (2005), http://www.imsglobal.org/question/
  7. ISO, ISO/IEC 19796-1:2005 - Information technology - Learning, education and training - Quality management, assurance and metrics - Part 1: General approach (2005)Google Scholar
  8. Kozlov, D., Pulkkinen, M., Pawlowski, J.: D7.1. ICOPER Reference Model IRM. Conceptual Model. ICOPER ECP 2007 EDU 417007 (2009)Google Scholar
  9. Tyrväinen, P., Warsta, J., Seppänen, V.: Evolution of Secondary Software Businesses: Understanding Industry Dynamics. In: León, G., Bernardos, A., Casar, J., Kautz, K., DeGross, J. (eds.) IFIP International Federation for Information Processing, Open IT-based innovation: moving towards cooperative IT transfer and knowledge diffusion, vol. 287, pp. 281–401. Springer, Boston (2008)Google Scholar
  10. Tyrväinen, P., Mazhelis, O.: Vertical Software Industry Evolution. In: Analysis of Telecom Operator Software. Physica-Verlag, Heidelberg (2009) (A Springer Company) Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mirja Pulkkinen
    • 1
  • Denis Kozlov
    • 1
  • Jan Pawlowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Information Systems and Computer ScienceUniversity of Jyväskylä 

Personalised recommendations