• U. Saint-Paul
  • H. Schneider
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 211)


Mangrove forests are becoming smaller and smaller worldwide. Estimates of global losses during the last 25 years range between 35 and 86%. In Science, Duke et al. (2007) protested against a world without mangroves, noting that the full implications of mangrove loss to mankind are not fully appreciated.


Fair Trade Mangrove Forest Mangrove Ecosystem Extractivist Reserve Integrate Coastal Management 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine EcologyBremenGermany
  2. 2.Instituto de Estudos CosteirosUniversidade Federal do ParáBragançaBrazil

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