Methylxanthines and Inflammatory Cells

  • György Haskó
  • Bruce Cronstein
Part of the Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology book series (HEP, volume 200)


Both caffeine and theophylline have a variety of roles in regulating inflammatory responses. At pharmacologically relevant concentrations most of the effects of these commonly used methylxanthines are attributable to adenosine receptor blockade and histone deacetylase activation. In addition, at higher concentrations methylxanthines can suppress inflammation by inhibiting phosphodiesterases, thereby elevating intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate levels. In summary, methylxanthines regulate inflammation by multiple mechanisms.


Asthma Arthritis Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Cytokine Macrophage Methothrexate Monocyte Neutrophil Tumor necrosis factor Protein kinase A 


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Copyright information

© Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • György Haskó
    • 1
  • Bruce Cronstein
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUniversity of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-New Jersey Medical SchoolNewarkUSA
  2. 2.Department of MedicineNew York University School of MedicineNew YorkUSA

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