This paper aims at analysing the needs for a specific teaching and learning model for the National Defence University of Malaysia (NDUM). The main argument is that whether there are differences between teaching and learning for academic component versus military component at the university. It is further argued that in order to achieve excellence, there should be one teaching and learning culture. Data were collected through interviews with military cadets. It is found that there are variations of teaching and learning strategies for academic courses, in comparison to a dominant teaching and learning style for military courses. Thus, in the interest of delivering quality education and training for students at the university, the paper argues that possibly a hybrid model for teaching and learning is fundamental in order to generate a one culture of academic and military excellence for the NDUM.


military cadets constructivism behaviourism hybrid model 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Harkin, J., Turner, G., Dawn, T.: Teaching Young Adults. Routledge, London (2001)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mitchell, I.: The Relationship between Teachers Behaviours and Student Talk in Promoting Quality Learning in Science Classroom. MS (2007) Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Phillips, D.C.: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: The Many Faces of Constructivism. Educational Researcher 24(7), 5–12 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Piaget, J.: The Science of Education and The Psychology of the Child. Grossman, New York (1972)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ramsden, P.: Learning to Teach in Higher Education. Routledge, London (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Skinner, B.F.: Upon Further Reflection. Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey (1987)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Smerdon, B.A., Burkam, D.T., Lee, V.E.: Access to Constructivist and Didactic Teaching: Who Gets It? Where Is It Practised? Teachers College Record 101(1), 5–34 (Fall 1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    van Ree, A.J.: Towards a Military Pedagogy. In: Florian, H. (ed.) Military Pedagogy – An International Survey, Peter Lang, Frankfurt (2002)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    von Glasersfeld, E.: Cognition, Construction of Knowledge and Teaching. Synthese 80(1), 121–140 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Vygotsky, L.S.: Mind in Society. Harvard University Press, Cambridge (1978)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jowati binti Juhary
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Liberal and Language StudiesUniversiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia (National Defence University of Malaysia)Kuala LumpurMalaysia

Personalised recommendations