Assessment of Andragogical Attributes of Distance Learners

  • Rugayah Gy Hashim
  • Hashim Ahmad
  • Nor’Aini Ahmad
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 73)


The purpose of this research was to assess the andragogical attribute of adult students engaged in distance learning, specifically, with regards to the main construct, cognitive engagement versus academic achievement. Five hundred students were sampled and the response rate was 33.8%. From the analyses, the overall mean score for cognitive engagement is 3.75 from a scale of one to seven. The results indicated that knowledge gained through the e-distance learning is low and this evidence correlates to the average academic performance or CGPA of the respondents, which is between 2.50-2.99. The findings indicated a low level of integration and motivation in learning and consequently it is suggested that training programs and additional course revisions be integrated into the curriculum to ensure the chances of student success and reduce attrition rate.


Andragogy adult students distance education e-learning deep learning surface learning 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rugayah Gy Hashim
    • 1
  • Hashim Ahmad
    • 1
  • Nor’Aini Ahmad
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Administrative Science and Policy Studies, Institute of Educational DevelopmentUniversiti Teknologi MARAShah Alam, SelangorMalaysia

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