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3D Cadastre in the Province of Quebec: A First Experiment for the Construction of a Volumetric Representation

Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)

Abstract

The current cadastral system in the province of Quebec is a graphical one in the sense that it presents the limits and the official measures of the property on a 2D digital map. To be able to represent superimposed properties like condominium, the Quebec cadastre uses “le cadastre vertical” that is a polygon with a number that refers to an external complementary plan (PC). This plan shows vertical profile of the properties and a detail draw of each floor (private and common parts). A single PC-number could refer to hundreds of lots and plans depending on the geometric complexity of the building. The understanding of the spatial arrangement of all superimposed properties contained in the PC file is a tricky mental exercise. To help users of the cadastre vertical, a semi-automatic procedure is proposed that enables the construction of a volumetric representation from the PC image file. In this specific constraint situation, the various data processing steps are described starting with the vectorization (from image to vectors), the 3D modeling (the construction of the volumetric representation) and finally the data exchange. The ins and outs of every data processing, the time and efforts required to achieve each step are discussed, and we conclude with remarks made by the end users about potential usages of such cadastral volumetric representation.

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-12670-3_9
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Notes

  1. 1.

    See the official publication Code Civil du Québec (C.c.Q.), rules 3026 3027 3028 3028.1 3029 3030 3031 3032 3033 3034 3035 3036 3037 3038 3039 3040 3041 3042 3043.

  2. 2.

    http://www.mrnf.gouv.qc.ca/english/land/index.jsp

  3. 3.

    http://www.cadastre.mrnf.gouv.qc.ca/planification/bilan-travaux.asp

  4. 4.

    http://www.infolot.mrnf.gouv.qc.ca/

  5. 5.

    Also call supplementary plan.

  6. 6.

    This French technical term could be translated by “right of superficies”.

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Acknowledgements

This project was funded by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, as a personal discovery grant. A special thank to E. Janssens-Coron and L. Hashemi Beni for great help in the progress of this work. We would also thank all end-users met during this project, from MRNF Foncier Québec M. Morneau and L.-A. Desbiens, as land-surveyors M. Gervais, F. Roy, B. Beaulieu and N. Massé, as notaries F. Brochu and B. Roy, and from the city of Quebec B. Fiset, M.-A. Bluteau, B. Couture, A. Tremblay, A. Naud.

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Correspondence to Jacynthe Pouliot .

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Pouliot, J., Roy, T., Fouquet-Asselin, G., Desgroseilliers, J. (2011). 3D Cadastre in the Province of Quebec: A First Experiment for the Construction of a Volumetric Representation. In: Kolbe, T., König, G., Nagel, C. (eds) Advances in 3D Geo-Information Sciences. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography(). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-12670-3_9

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