Bud Dormancy in Perennial Plants: A Mechanism for Survival

  • James V. Anderson
  • David P. Horvath
  • Wun S. Chao
  • Michael E. Foley
Chapter
Part of the Topics in Current Genetics book series (TCG, volume 21)

Abstract

Dormancy in vegetative buds of perennial plants plays an important role for surviving harsh environmental conditions. Identifying the genetic and physiological mechanisms regulating dormancy in these vegetative structures will allow manipulation of plant growth and development in both crops and weeds. Model plants have been used to study the physiological effects that photoperiod and temperature impart on dormancy regulation in perennial buds. At the molecular level, models derived through analysis of the transcriptome have shed new light on multiple cellular pathways and physiological processes associated with dormancy transitions and, in some cases, have revealed overlap with pathways regulating flowering and cold acclimation. In this chapter, we discuss proposed models based on advances to our understanding of physiological and molecular factors affecting dormancy regulation in vegetative buds of perennials.

Keywords

Short Photoperiod Woody Perennial Leafy Spurge Short Vegetative Phase Dehydration Responsive Element Binding 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Special thanks to Cetin Yuceer for providing the poplar pictures used in Fig. 5.1. The first and second authors contributed equally.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • James V. Anderson
    • 1
  • David P. Horvath
    • 1
  • Wun S. Chao
    • 1
  • Michael E. Foley
    • 1
  1. 1.Weed Biology Research UnitUSDA-Agricultural Research ServiceFargoUSA

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