There is a broad consensus amongst the scientific community that South Asia is amongst the regions most affected by climate change. According to the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report (2007) the main climate change impacts in the region are as follows: increased frequency of droughts and floods negatively affecting local production; sea level rise exposing coasts to increasing risks, including coastal erosion and growing human-induced pressures on coastal areas; and glacier melt in the Himalayas with more flooding and rock avalanches. Crop yields could decrease up to 30% in Central and South Asia by the mid-twenty-first century. Within South Asia, Bangladesh is the most vulnerable country because of its regional connectivity through geo-physical and hydrological features and its livelihood reliance on trade (ELIAMEP, 2008).
- Human Trafficking
- Disaster Risk Reduction
- Rock Avalanche
- Tropical Cyclone Activity
- Shrimp Aquaculture
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Bangladesh consists of a number of administrative areas called division (bibhag), each named after its respective capital: Barisal, Chittagong, Dhaka, Khulna, Rajshahi and Sylhet. Every division is further split into 64 districts (zila) which are further sub-divided into upazilas. The upazilas are the lowest level of administrative government in Bangladesh.
The Professor Dr. K. Maudood Elahi is Pro-vice Chancellor – Head of Environmental Sciences Department of the Stamford University Bangladesh in Dhaka.
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Association for Community Development (ACD). River bank erosion and its impact on displaced people in two districts of Bangladesh, Unpublished working document collected during fieldwork in Bangladesh.
Community-Based Disaster Management Organization (CBDM).(January 2008): Building safer communities in South Asia – Case study Bangladesh, enhancing community solidarity through capacity building and formation of community-based disaster management organizations. 1(1). International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. Available from http://www.adpc.net/v2007/IKM/ONLINE%20DOCUMENTS/downloads/2008/1_CaseStudyCBDMStructureFinal.pdf Accessed on 17 March 2009.
ELIAMEP. (2008): Gender, climate change and human security, lessons from Bangladesh, Ghana and Senegal, ELIAMEP, Athens.
Hossain, M.M. (1991): Shifting characteristics of the Ganges in Bangladesh. In: Elahi, K.M. Ahmed K.S., and Mafizuddin, M. (eds.), River Bank Erosion Impact Study. Jahangirnagar University, Savar.
IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). (2007): Summary for Policymakers. Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC: 7–22.
Mahtab, F.U., and B. Karim. (1992): Population and agriculture land use: Towards a sustainable food production system in Bangladesh. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment XXI(I), 50–55.
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This research was carried out within the framework of the EACH-FOR Project with the financial support of the European Commission’s Sixth Framework Programme (contract number 044468). The project was carried out between January 2007 and March 2009.
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Poncelet, A., Gemenne, F., Martiniello, M., Bousetta, H. (2010). A Country Made for Disasters: Environmental Vulnerability and Forced Migration in Bangladesh. In: Afifi, T., Jäger, J. (eds) Environment, Forced Migration and Social Vulnerability. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-12416-7_16
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