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Triggering and Synchronization of Stick-Slip: Experiments on Spring-Slider System

  • T. Chelidze
  • T. Matcharashvili
  • O. Lursmanashvili
  • N. Varamashvili
  • N. Zhukova
  • E. Meparidze
Chapter
Part of the Geoplanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences book series (GEPS)

Abstract

Triggering and synchronization are the two faces of the same coin; both effects imply that the additional forcing causing triggering and synchronization is much smaller than the main driving force, which means that these phenomena are connected with nonlinear interactions of objects, namely, with initiation of instability in systems that are close to the critical state. In a seismic process, the main driving component is the tectonic stress; earthquakes are considered as dynamic instabilities generated in the process of friction (stick-slip) between faces of geological faults (Brace and Byerlee, 1966; Kanamori and Brodsky, 2004; Ben-Zion, 2008). The additional forcing is exerted by various external impacts: tides, reservoir exploitation, big explosions, magnetic storms, etc.

Keywords

Acoustic Emission Slip Surface Acoustic Emission Signal Phase Synchronization Slip Event 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors express their gratitude to the Georgian National Science Foundation (Grant No №GNSF/ST06/5-028) and INTAS foundation (Ref. N№ 05-100008-7889) for financial support.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Chelidze
    • 1
  • T. Matcharashvili
    • 1
  • O. Lursmanashvili
    • 1
  • N. Varamashvili
    • 1
  • N. Zhukova
    • 1
  • E. Meparidze
    • 1
  1. 1.M. Nodia Institute of GeophysicsTbilisiGeorgia

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