Bullae, by definition, are air-filled cavities with a diameter of at least 1 cm in a ventilated lung and are demarcated from the lung parenchyma by their walls. Underlying is a mostly emphysematous illness, often leading to an increase in the air-filled cavity and, as such, to compression of the adjacent parenchyma and consecutive dyspnea or infection symptoms. Complications such as infections, hemorrhaging, and pneumothorax often occur within the bulla.
KeywordsChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Chest Physiotherapy Lung Volume Reduction Surgery Adjacent Parenchyma Talc Poudrage
- Deslauriers J, Grégoire J, LeBlanc P (2005) Bullous and bleb diseases of the lung. In: Shields TW (ed) General thoracic surgery, 6th edn. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, pp 1168–1186Google Scholar