The Rheumatoid Cervical Spine

  • Zdenek Klezl
  • Girish N. Swamy
  • Jan Stulik
Part of the European Instructional Lectures book series (EICL, volume 10)


Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a progressive, debilitating disease with serious physical, psychological and economic consequences [24, 36]. RA afflicts about 1% of world population, more than 2.9 million Europeans and over two million patients in the United States. The clinical course of RA fluctuates and prognosis is unpredictable [13, 14]. Seventy percent of patients with recent onset of RA show evidence of radiographic changes within 3 years [35]. Fifty percent of RA patients are work-disabled within 10 years of disease onset [1, 30, 37].


Cervical Spine Basilar Invagination Brain Stem Compression Lateral Subluxation Cervical Spine Involvement 
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Copyright information

© EFORT 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Trauma and OrthopaedisDerby Hospitals NHS Foundation TrustDerbyUK

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