Air Quality and Health: A Hazardous Combination of Environmental Risks

  • Peter Suppan
  • Ulrich Franck
  • Rainer Schmitz
  • Frank Baier
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter addresses the link between Santiago’s transport sector and its corresponding emissions, on the one hand, and the impact on the health of its citizens, on the other. The dispersion of pollutants at the micro and meso scale is based on an integrated approach that incorporates different platforms – satellite data, in situ measurements and emission data. Specific attention is paid to traffic emission estimates based on the traffic flow, fleet composition and emission factors in the Metropolitan Area of Santiago de Chile. Health-related indicators such as PM10, O3 and NOx are discussed and their dispersion throughout the city analysed in order to arrive at a comprehensive health impact assessment. The possible development of PM10 levels forms the basis of a detailed discussion on adverse health effects in the future.

Keywords

Adverse health effect Air quality assessment Micro/meso scale modelling Particles Traffic emissions 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are extremely grateful for assistance from and helpful discussions with the Departamento de Estadísticas e Información de Salud (DEIS) of the Ministerio de Salud (MinSal, Gobierno de Chile). Furthermore we would like to thank Martin Nogalski, Johannes Werhahn, Renate Forkel and Ulrich Uhrner for their support with the modelling work (MODEM, GRAL and WRF/chem.).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Suppan
    • 1
  • Ulrich Franck
    • 1
  • Rainer Schmitz
    • 1
  • Frank Baier
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Meteorology and Climate ResearchKarlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)Garmisch-PartenkirchenGermany

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