Advertisement

Supercentenarians in the Nordic Countries

  • Axel Skytthe
  • Antti Hervonen
  • Celvin Ruisdael
  • Bernard Jeune
Chapter
Part of the Demographic Research Monographs book series (DEMOGRAPHIC)

Abstract

The Nordic countries have a well-developed system of population registration that goes back several hundred years, making it possible to verify individuals with extreme ages. In this chapter, we briey describe the history of population registration and procedures for registration of births and deaths in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden. Historically, the church has played a central part in the registration of births and deaths in all countries, and national population registers have emerged in all countries in the second half of the 20th century. Based on statistical reports from the national statistical offices, the movement in the numbers of extremely long-lived individuals, like centenarians and supercentenarians (aged 110 years and above) can be followed. However, in order to accurately describe this development, we must first verify the ages of extremely long-lived individuals. It is, therefore, imperative that we are able to identify the persons in question. For research purposes, identification of these very long-lived persons is possible from the population registers. We report basic data on the supercentenarians identified in the four Nordic countries since 1980, together with verification status. In addition, we provide an example that illustrates the importance of being able to identify the individuals.

Keywords

Population Register Nordic Country Demographic Event Birth Registration Civil Registration System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Johansen, H.C. (2002). Danish population history 1600 - 1939. University Press of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.Google Scholar
  2. Kannisto, V. (1996). The advancing frontier of survival. Odense Monographs on Population Aging, 3. Odense University Press, Odense, Denmark.Google Scholar
  3. Lundström, H. (1995). Record longevity in Swedish cohorts born since 1700, chapter Jeune, B. and Vaupel, J.W. (eds), Exceptional longevity: From prehistory to the present. Odense Monographs on Population Aging, pages 67–74. Odense University Press, Odense, Denmark.Google Scholar
  4. Ørberg, P. (1972). Petite Drakenberg studies, pages 270–273. Personalhistorisk Tidsskrift 1972.Google Scholar
  5. Skytthe, A., Jeune, B. and Wilmoth, J.R. (1999). Age validation of the oldest man, chapter Jeune, B. and Vaupel, J.W. (eds), Validation of exceptional longevity. Odense Monographs on Population Aging, pages 173–188. Odense University Press, Odense, Denmark.Google Scholar
  6. Soltvedt, K. (2004). Population registers and Person Number Systems in Norway from 1905 to 2001 (In Norwegian), chapter Soltvedt, K. (ed.), Censuses in the past 200 years, pages 159–189. Statistisk sentralbyrå, Oslo, Norway.Google Scholar
  7. Thoms, W.J. (1873). Human longevity. Its facts and its fictions. John Murray, London.Google Scholar
  8. Vincent, P. (1951). La mortalitè des vieillards. Population, 6:181–204.Google Scholar
  9. Wilmoth, J.R., Skytthe, A., Friou, D. and Jeune, B. (1996). The oldest man ever? A case study of exceptional longevity. The Gerontologist, 36:783–788.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Axel Skytthe
    • 1
  • Antti Hervonen
    • 2
  • Celvin Ruisdael
    • 3
  • Bernard Jeune
    • 1
  1. 1.Epidemiology Institute of Public HealthUniversity of Southern DenmarkOdense CDenmark
  2. 2.University of Tampere, School of Public, Health Laboratory of Gerontology, University of TampereTampereFinland
  3. 3.StavangerNorway

Personalised recommendations