A wide variety of patients requires mechanical ventilation; therefore, it is not surprising that numerous ventilators, ventilation modes, and equipment are necessary to select the most appropriate noninvasive ventilation technology for each patient. We voluntarily limited this chapter to positive pressure ventilation modes considering that negative pressure ventilation and abdominal pressure ventilation are used much less often now, and that no technological breakthrough has emerged in past years to improve or increase the use of these methods. We also do not present continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) considering that this mode does not actively produce or assist inspiration. However, CPAP ventilation shares similar equipment with other methods of positive pressure ventilation.
Janssens JP, Metzger M, Sforza E (2009) Impact of volume targeting on efficacy of bi-level non-invasive ventilation and sleep in obesity-hypoventilation. Respir Med 103:165–172PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Orlikowski D, Mroue G, Prigent H et al (2009) Automatic air-leak compensation in neuromuscular patients: a feasibility study. Respir Med 103:173–179PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hart N, Hunt A, Polkey MI et al (2002) Comparison of proportional assist ventilation and pressure support ventilation in chronic respiratory failure due to neuromuscular and chest wall deformity. Thorax 57:979–981PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fauroux B, Lavis JF, Nicot F et al (2005) Facial side effects during noninvasive positive pressure ventilation in children. Intensive Care Med 31:965–969PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chai CL, Pathinathan A, Smith B (2006) Continuous positive airway pressure delivery interfaces for obstructive sleep apnoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 18(4):CD005308Google Scholar
Gonzalez J, Sharshar T, Hart N et al (2003) Air leaks during mechanical ventilation as a cause of persistent hypercapnia in neuromuscular disorders. Intensive Care Med 29:596–602PubMedGoogle Scholar
Bach JR, Alba AS, Saporito LR (1993) Intermittent positive pressure ventilation via the mouth as an alternative to tracheostomy for 257 ventilator users. Chest 103:174–182PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar