Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation Using Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is a technique of respiratory therapy, in either invasive mechanically or noninvasive mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure at a constant value throughout the inspiration and expiration by pressurization of the ventilator circuit. This chapter discusses the equipment and technology available to deliver CPAP in noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) in the hospital scenario and does not discuss the equipment to deliver CPAP to patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea or at home care services. The interfaces to deliver CPAP are not discussed.
KeywordsContinuous Positive Airway Pressure Home Care Service Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation Cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema Acute Cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema