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Data Analysis and Application Study

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Abstract

The active sonar detection usually includes the following: beamforming, a matched filter and normalization. They explore the geometrical information of the array, correlation between the target echo and the transmitted echo, and numerical smoothing respectively. Although these methods are versatile, researchers try to find better detection solutions under heavy reverberation, for example, to use longer and larger arrays, to cancel more reverberation, to design better matched filters and so on. Currently, reverberation models and specialized processing methods are two attractive techniques··1··. As for the first method, receivers with differing range resolutions may encounter different statistics for a given waveform. Furthermore, a given receiver may encounter different statistics at different ranges··2··. The Weibull, log-normal, Rician, multimodal Rayleigh and non-Rayleigh distributions have been used to describe sonar reverberation··3, 4··. The matched filter is the optimal detector with the background of Gaussian noise; therefore, these studies imply that it is necessary to reduce the reverberation before the signal is fed into the matched filter. Hence, the second method aims to cancel reverberation. Reverberation can be assumed to be a sum of returns issued from the transmitted signal, and a data matrix may be generated under the segmentation of the data received by active sonar··5,6··. Then the principal component inverse (PCI)··7–13·· can be applied to separate reverberation and target echo with the data matrix.

Keywords

Face Recognition Independent Component Analysis Speech Signal Independent Component Analysis Blind Source Separation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Shanghai Jiao Tong University Press, Shanghai and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Vibration Shock & NoiseShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina

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