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Evaluation and Repair of Laryngotracheoesophageal Clefts

  • Katherine K. HammingEmail author
  • Frank L. Rimell
Chapter

Abstract

A laryngotracheoesophageal cleft (LTEC) is a fissure between the laryngotracheal and pharyngoesophageal systems. The incidence is currently estimated to be 1:10,000 to 1:20,000 births and is increasing as less severe clefts are more often recognized [18]. Laryngeal clefts are more common in male children, with a male to female ratio of 5:3. Sixty percent are associated with other congenital abnormalities, most commonly tracheoesophageal fistula and tracheomalacia [12].

Keywords

Esophageal Atresia Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Cricoid Cartilage Tracheoesophageal Fistula 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OtolaryngologyRush University Medical CenterChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Surgery, Pediatric Otolaryngology, Pediatric Airway CenterAdvocate Children’s HospitalPark RidgeUSA
  3. 3.Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck SurgeryUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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