Authoring Issues beyond Tools

  • Ulrike Spierling
  • Nicolas Szilas
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5915)


Authoring is still considered a bottleneck in successful Interactive Storytelling and Drama. The claim for intuitive authoring tools is high, especially for tools that allow storytellers and artists to define dynamic content that can be run with an AI-based story engine. We explored two concrete authoring processes in depth, using various Interactive Storytelling prototypes, and have provided feedback from the practical steps. The result is a presentation of general issues in authoring Interactive Storytelling, rather than of particular problems with a specific system that could be overcome by ‘simply’ designing the right interface. Priorities for future developments are also outlined.


interactive storytelling interactive drama authoring creation process 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Aylett, R., Louchart, S., Dias, J., Paiva, A., Vala, M., Woods, S.: Unscripted narrative for affectively driven characters. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 26(3), 42–52 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cavazza, M., Charles, F., Mead, S.J.: Characters in Search of an author: AI-based Virtual Storytelling. In: Balet, O., Subsol, G., Torguet, P. (eds.) ICVS 2001. LNCS, vol. 2197, pp. 145–154. Springer, Heidelberg (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cavazza, M., Donikian, S., Christie, M., Spierling, U., Szilas, N., Vorderer, P., Hartmann, T., Klimmt, C., André, E., Champagnat, R., Petta, P., Olivier, P.: The IRIS Network of Excellence: Integrating Research in Interactive Storytelling. In: Spierling, U., Szilas, N. (eds.) ICIDS 2008. LNCS, vol. 5334, pp. 14–19. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Louchart, S., Swartjes, I., Kriegel, M., Aylett, R.: Purposeful Authoring for Emergent Narrative. In: Spierling, U., Szilas, N. (eds.) ICIDS 2008. LNCS, vol. 5334, pp. 273–284. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mateas, M., Stern, A.: Procedural Authorship: A Case-Study of the Interactive Drama Façade. In: Digital Arts and Culture, DAC (2005)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Medler, B., Magerko, B.: Scribe: A Tool for Authoring Event Driven Interactive Drama. In: Göbel, S., Malkewitz, R., Iurgel, I. (eds.) TIDSE 2006. LNCS, vol. 4326, pp. 139–150. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mixon, L.J.: I can’t believe I did that: A Reflection on Some of My Biggest Shattertown Blunders, (accessed July 2009)
  8. 8.
    Pizzi, D., Cavazza, M.: From Debugging to Authoring: Adapting Productivity Tools to Narrative Content Description. In: Spierling, U., Szilas, N. (eds.) ICIDS 2008. LNCS, vol. 5334, pp. 285–296. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ryan, M.L.: Peeling the Onion: Layers of Interactivity in Digital Narrative Texts (2005), (accessed September 2009)
  10. 10.
    Rety, J.-H., Szilas, N., Clément, J., Bouchardon, S.: Authoring Interactive Narrative with Hypersections. In: Proc. of 3rd ACM International Conference on Digital Interactive Media in Entertainment and Arts (DIMEA 2008), Athens, Greece, pp. 393–400. ACM, New York (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Richards, D., Szilas, N., Kavakli, M., Dras, M.: Impacts of Visualisation, Interaction and Immersion on Learning Using an Agent-Based Training Simulation. International Transactions on Systems Science and Applications 4(1), 43–60 (2008)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Spierling, U., Weiß, S., Müller, W.: Towards Accessible Authoring Tools for Interactive Storytelling. In: Göbel, S., Malkewitz, R., Iurgel, I. (eds.) TIDSE 2006. LNCS, vol. 4326, pp. 169–180. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Spierling, U.: Adding Aspects of “Implicit Creation” to the Authoring Process in Interactive Storytelling. In: Cavazza, M., Donikian, S. (eds.) ICVS-VirtStory 2007. LNCS, vol. 4871, pp. 13–25. Springer, Heidelberg (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Spierling, U., Iurgel, I.: Pre-Conference Demo Workshop “Little Red Cap”: The Authoring Process in Interactive Storytelling. In: Göbel, S., Malkewitz, R., Iurgel, I. (eds.) TIDSE 2006. LNCS, vol. 4326, pp. 193–194. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Stern, A., Mateas, M.: Integrating Plot, Character and Natural Language Processing in the Interactive Drama Faç. In: Göbel, S., Braun, N., Spierling, U., Dechau, J., Diener, H. (eds.) Proceedings TIDSE 2003, Darmstadt, pp. 139–151. Fraunhofer IRB, Stuttgart (2003)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Storytron, (accessed July 2009)
  17. 17.
    Szilas, N., Marty, O., Rety, J.-H.: Authoring Highly Generative Interactive Drama. In: Balet, O., Subsol, G., Torguet, P. (eds.) ICVS 2003. LNCS, vol. 2897, pp. 37–46. Springer, Heidelberg (2003)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Szilas, N.: A Computational Model of an Intelligent Narrator for Interactive Narratives. Applied Artificial Intelligence 21(8), 753–801 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Szilas, N.: IDtension – Highly Interactive Drama (Demonstration). In: Proc. of the 4th Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Interactive Digital Entertainment (AIIDE 2008), pp. 224–225. AAAI Press, Menlo Park (2008)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Szilas, N., Kavakli, M.: PastMaster@Storytelling: A Controlled Interface for Interactive Drama. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Intelligent User interfaces - IUI 2006, Sydney, pp. 288–290. ACM Press, New York (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Young, R.M., Riedl, M.O., Branly, M., Jhala, A., Martin, R.J., Saretto, C.J.: An architecture for integrating plan-based behavior generation with interactive game environments. Journal of Game Development 1(1), 51–70 (2004)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulrike Spierling
    • 1
  • Nicolas Szilas
    • 2
  1. 1.FH ErfurtUniversity of Applied SciencesErfurtGermany
  2. 2.TECFA, FPSEUniversity of GenevaGenève 4Switzerland

Personalised recommendations