Electronic Spectral and Electrochemical Behavior of Near Infrared Absorbing Metallophthalocyanines

  • Tebello NyokongEmail author
Part of the Structure and Bonding book series (STRUCTURE, volume 135)


This chapter discusses the electronic absorption spectra and electrochemistry of phthalocyanine complexes which are redshifted to ∼ 730 nm and beyond. These are mainly manganese phthalocyanine derivatives and phthalocyanines containing sulfur substituents. The chapter concentrates mainly on the work done during the last 10 years. There are 96 references quoted and three detailed tables on the electronic absorption spectra, redox potentials, and analytes that are electrocatalyzed using manganese and titanium phthalocyanine complexes.


Electrocatalysis Electrochemistry Electronic absorption spectra Phthalocyanine 































Tetrabutyl ammonium perchlorate


Tetrabutylammonium tetrafluoroborate



This work was supported by the Department of Science and Technology (DST) and National Research Foundation (NRF), South Africa through DST/NRF South African Research Chairs Initiative for Professor of Medicinal Chemistry and Nanotechnology and Rhodes.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryRhodes UniversityGrahamstownSouth Africa

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