Psychosocial Aspects of Low Back Pain
Psychosocial factors have been largely investigated as outcome predictors of surgical interventions and numerous studies have examined the consequences of surgery on psychological variables. These issues have been explored in the context of various surgical procedures: e.g. the need to address the psychosocial profile of the candidates for fusion surgery; or the influence of psychosocial factors in the poor outcomes of lumbar discectomy when morphological problems have been adequately managed by surgery. Psychological distress and depression; pain beliefs, expectations, pain behaviours, and coping strategies; and social factors are reviewed in this chapter with a focus on the role of these aspects in the outcomes of surgery.
KeywordsPsychological Distress Pain Behaviour Pain Catastrophising Fusion Surgery Lumbar Discectomy
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