Drowning pp 85-89 | Cite as

Definition of Drowning: A Progress Report

  • Ed van BeeckEmail author
  • Christine Branche


In 2006, a new definition of drowning was introduced, with the aim of establishing a standard to be used worldwide and to serve epidemiological purposes. To arrive at the definition, a discussion paper was used to prompt comment electronically, followed by consensus procedures among drowning experts worldwide. These procedures led to the adoption of the following definition during the World Congress on Drowning in June 2002: Drowning is the process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersion/immersion in liquid.


Cervical Spine Injury Respiratory Impairment Epidemiological Purpose Consensus Procedure Rescue Case 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Public Health, Erasmus MCUniversity Medical Centre RotterdamRotterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Office of Construction Safety and HealthNational Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centres for Disease Control and PreventionWashington, DCUSA

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