Skip to main content
Book cover

Drowning pp 499–503Cite as

Rescue Techniques in Submerged Vehicles

  • 77 Accesses


In the scope of the annual number of car accidents, the number of submerged vehicles is very small. At the same time accidents involving submerged vehicles are in general serious, cause more fatalities among occupants and result in more traumatic consequences for rescue and emergency staff. Unfortunately many deaths of submerged vehicles are the result of poor public understanding of the situation and improper actions.


  • Final Option
  • Rescue Team
  • Laminate Glass
  • Side Window
  • Rear Window

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-04253-9_76
  • Chapter length: 5 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
USD   219.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-642-04253-9
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   279.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)


  1. Anonymous (2002) Cars in the water: escape issues. A safety study. Dutch Transportation Safety Board, The Hague

    Google Scholar 

  2. Institute for Road Safety, SWOV (2012) Fact sheets cars in water. SWOV, Leidschendam. Also available at

  3. Wintemute GJ, Kraus JF, Teret SP et al (1990) Death resulting from motor vehicle immersion: the nature of the injuries, personal and environmental contributing factors and potential interventions. Am J Public Health 80:1068–1070

    CrossRef  PubMed Central  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Giesbrecht GG, McDonald GK (2010) My car is sinking: automobile submersion, lessons in vehicle escape. Aviat Space Environ Med 81:779–784

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  5. Giesbrecht GG, McDonald GK (2010) Exit strategies and safety concerns for machinery occupants following ice failure and submersion. Aviat Space Environ Med 82:52–57

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  6. Stjernbrandt A, Öström M, Eriksson A et al (2008) Land motor vehicle-related drownings in Sweden. Traffic Inj Prev 9:539–543

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jaap Molenaar .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Molenaar, J., Giesbrecht, G., McDonald, G. (2014). Rescue Techniques in Submerged Vehicles. In: Bierens, J. (eds) Drowning. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-642-04252-2

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-642-04253-9

  • eBook Packages: MedicineMedicine (R0)