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Drowning pp 659-666 | Cite as

First Aid Courses for the Aquatic Environment

  • David SzpilmanEmail author
  • Luiz Morizot-Leite
  • Wiebe de Vries
  • Steve Beerman
  • Fernando Neves Rodrigues Martinho
  • Luiz Smoris
  • Bo Løfgren
  • Jonathon Webber
Chapter

Abstract

First aid in the aquatic environment requires specific skills and knowledge that are not taught in regular first aid education. Some topics are unique to aquatics. Target groups for such courses include persons living, playing, or working near or around the water. First aid courses tailored for the aquatic environment contribute to a competent rescue and resuscitation of a drowning victim and to the safety of the lay rescuer [1] or trained rescuer [2]. By including information on water safety awareness, these courses can also contribute to prevention and reduce the drowning burden. The relevance of an aquatic course was first extensively debated at an expert meeting Do we need a special first aid course for drowning victims during the World Congress on Drowning in the Netherlands 2002. Since 2002, first aid courses for the aquatic environment have been successfully organized around the world. This chapter reviews the importance and need of these courses and what has been learned.

Keywords

Aquatic Environment Emergency Medical Service Water Safety Basic Life Support Automate External Defibrillator 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Szpilman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Luiz Morizot-Leite
    • 2
  • Wiebe de Vries
    • 3
  • Steve Beerman
    • 4
  • Fernando Neves Rodrigues Martinho
    • 5
  • Luiz Smoris
    • 6
  • Bo Løfgren
    • 7
  • Jonathon Webber
    • 8
  1. 1.Socieda Brasiliera de Salvamento AquaticoBarra da Tijuca, Rio de JaneiroBrasil
  2. 2.Beach and Marine Safety, Miami Dade County Fire RescueNorth Miami BeachUSA
  3. 3.DoczeroVeghelThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Department of Family Practice, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of British ColumbiaNanaimoCanada
  5. 5.Casa Patrão de Salva Vidas Ezequiel SeabraMatosinhosPortugal
  6. 6.Rio de JaneiroBrasil
  7. 7.Research Center for Emergency MedicineAarhus University HospitalAarhus NDenmark
  8. 8.Surf Life Saving New ZealandLower HuttNew Zealand

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