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Blood Bank Inventory Control with Transshipments and Substitutions

Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems book series (LNE, volume 636)

Abstract

In this section, we focus on the combination of two flexibility instruments (also see Chap. 1) that are available for the control of multi-location multi-product inventory systems: Lateral stock transshipments Product substitutions

As mentioned in Sect. 2.3, the reasons for performing transshipments and substitutions (see Chap. 1) are often similar. They are summarized in Table 8.1

Both transshipments and substitutions can be differentiated into two types: preventive and reactive. Preventive (also: proactive, planned) transshipments are performed before a stock-out actually occurs, whereas reactive (also: emergency) transshipments are initiated after the location has run out of stock for a product (Herer et al., 2006). The latter require that the transshipment lead time is short enough to be able to fulfill the demand. Preventive substitution means that we start using substitutes before a stock-out of the requested product occurs, e.g., to reserve some stocks for high-priority demand. Reactive substitutions are performed if the requested product is already out of stock. These aspects are summarized in Table 8.2.

Keywords

Blood Group Search Direction Blood Bank Small Hospital Empty Container 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Law, Business and Economics Chair of Operations ResearchTechnische Universität DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany

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